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Bull, R., 2002. The rebirth of the Service. FIRE, April 2002, p.9.

Clarke, A. and Miles, J. C., 2012. Strategic Fire and Rescue Service decision making using evolutionary algorithms. Advances in Engineering Software, 50, pp.29-36.

Clarke, J., 2018. Governance and Accountability to Service Users. In Murphy, P., and Greenhalgh K., eds., Fire and Rescue Services: Leadership and Management Perspectives. London: Springer, 2018, pp. 93-112.

Cleveland Fire Brigade, 2014. Community Integrated Risk Management Plan 2014-2018.

Cunningham, R., 2012. Reshaping Scotland’s Fire and Rescue Service. FIRE, April 2012, p.10.

DCLG, 2006. Guidance Note 1. Integrated Risk Management Planning (IRMP). 

DCLG, 2008a. Risk Terminology. Fire Research Series 3/2008. London: TSO.

DCLG, 2008b. Fire Service Emergency Cover Toolkit: Executive Summary Fire Research Report 01/2008

DCLG, 2008c. Fire and Rescue Service National Framework 2008–11. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008d. Integrated risk management planning: business continuity management guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008e. Integrated risk management planning: community safety guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008f. Integrated risk management planning: environmental protection guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008g. Integrated risk management planning: equality and diversity guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008h. Integrated risk management planning: protection of heritage buildings and structures. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008i. Integrated risk management planning: road traffic collision reduction guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2008j. Integrated risk management planning: wildfire guidance. Wetherby: DCLG.

DCLG, 2009. Report to the Secretary of State by the Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser on the emerging issues arising from the fatal fire at Lakanal House, Camberwell on 3 July 2009. London: DCLG. 

DCLG, 2011. Fire Service Emergency Cover Toolkit major incidents risk assessment module. Background research Fire Research report 6/2011. London: TSO.

DCLG, 2012. Fire and rescue national framework for England. London: DCLG. 

Dean, E., 2015. Developing a methodological geographic information system framework to augment identification of future risk of anomalous dwelling fires. Doctoral dissertation, Liverpool John Moores University.

Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service, 2003. Developing new risk-based ways to respond. FIRE, November 2015, pp.23-25.

Ewen, S., 2010. Fighting Fires. Creating the British Fire Service, 1800-1978. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Fitzgerald, I., 2005. The death of corporatism? Managing change in the fire service. Personnel Review, 34(6), pp.648-662.

Fischhoff, B., Lichtenstein, S., Slovic, P., Derby, S.L. and Keeney, R., 1984. Acceptable risk. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

FBU, 2009. Integrated Risk Management Planning. The Framework Document: How to construct an IRMP/RRP. Kingston upon Thames: FBU.

Gilchrist, A., 2002. There is nothing as constant as change. FIRE, April 2002, p.10.

Gilchrist, A., 2003. White Paper concern: Consultation is key says union. FIRE, August 2003, p.10. 

Hackitt, J., 2017. Building a Safer Future. Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety: Interim Report. London: TSO.

Hickin, W. F., 2003. Your Shout. FIRE, September 2003, p.6.

Higgins, E., Taylor, M., Jones, M. and Lisboa, P.J.G., 2013. Understanding community fire risk - A spatial model for targeting fire prevention activities. Fire Safety Journal, 62, pp.20-29.

HMT, 2001. Management of Risk: A Strategic Overview.

Home Office, 1998. Fire Cover Modelling for Brigades. London: TSO. 

Home Office, 2016. Integrated risk management planning: guidance. Available at: 

Home Office, 2018. Fire and Rescue National Framework for England. 

Hope, P., 2004. Bill leads way for modernisation. FIRE, March 2004, p.6.

Humberside Fire and Rescue Service, 2017. Integrated Risk Management Plan 2017-20. Available at:  

Hurd, N., 2017. Fire Minister determined to tackle ‘system failure’. FIRE, October 2017, pp. 23-24

Johnson, D., 2004. The wider context of truly integrated risk management. FIRE, November 2004, pp. 10-11.

Konukcu, S. and Bouchlaghem, D., 2010. An evaluation of the fire safety emergency cover toolkit. In Proceedings of the International Society for Computing in Civil and Building Engineering Conference, Nottingham.

Levin, C., 2018a. Building a safer future. FIRE, February 2018, pp.11-13.

Levin, C., 2018b. Does Hackitt cut it? Implications for the Fire and Rescue Service. FIRE, June 2018, pp.17-19. 

London Fire Brigade, 2002. Risk assessment: vital in the capital. FIRE, September 2002, pp.8-9.

Lynch, 2002. Service impact on society – defining a central role. Service impact on society – defining a central role. FIRE, April 2002, pp. 11-12.

Lynch, A., 2003a. Our Fire and Rescue Service our way. FIRE, August 2003, p. 7.

Lynch, A., 2003b. Fire leaders respond to White Paper reforms. FIRE, August 2003, pp.8-9. 

Lynch, A., 2003c. White Paper at a glance: Our Fire and Rescue Service. FIRE, August 2003, pp.12-13.

Lynch, A., 2005a. Critical fire cover: who has got it right? FIRE, April 2005, p.11.

Lynch, A., 2005b. Growing tension gets to gutter press. FIRE, January 2005, p.5.

MacOwan, D., 2002. Modernisation – a four step approach. FIRE, December 2002, p.6

Ministry of Housing, Communities & Local Government, 2018. Clarification of Approved Document B and Next Steps for Part B of the Building Regulations. A consultation paper.

Morgan, G., 2005. An inside view of Fire Service consultation and its roots. FIRE, November 2005, pp.18-19. 

Murphy, P., Glennon, R. and Greenhalgh, K., 2017. Leadership and management in fire and rescue services. Public Sector Focus (NovDec), pp. 74-75.

Murphy, P. and Greenhalgh, K., 2013. Integrated risk management planning in Nottinghamshire. FIRE, pp. 35-37.

Murphy, P. and Greenhalgh, K., 2014. Fire risk assessment – From property to people. FIRE, pp. 37-39. 

Murphy, P. and Greenhalgh, K., 2017. Fire and rescue services: leadership and management perspectives. Leadership and management in emergency services. London: Springer.

Murphy, P., Lakoma, K. and Glennon, R., 2018. Response to Fire and Rescue National Framework for England: Government consultation. Nottingham: Nottingham Business School, Nottingham Trent University.

National Directorate for Fire and Emergency Services, 2012. Keeping communities safe – a framework for fire safety in Ireland. Dublin: Department of Environment, Community, and Local Government. 

ODPM, 2003a. White Paper: Our Fire and Rescue Service. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2003b. Fire Service Emergency Cover: Overview. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2003c. IRMP guidance note 1. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2003d. IRMP guidance note 2: Consultation. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2003e. IRMP guidance note 3: Fire Services Emergency Cover (FSEC) toolkit. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004a.  The Fire and Rescue Service National Framework 2004/05. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004b. IRMP guidance note 4: Fire safety. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004c. IRMP guidance note 5: Customising the FSEC toolkit. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004d. IRMP guidance note 6: The Working Time Regulations. London: TSO. 

ODPM, 2004e. IRMP guidance note 7: Unwanted fire signals. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004f. IRMP guidance note 8: FSEC early results. London: TSO.

ODPM, 2004g. IRMP guidance note 9: Firefighting and Rescue Operations at Sea. London: TSO. 

ODPM, 2004h. IRMP guidance note 10: Emergency calls. London: TSO. 

ODPM, 2004i. Fire Service Circular 35: IRMP – firefighting and rescue operations at sea. London: TSO. 

ODPM, 2006a. The Fire and Rescue Service National Framework 2006/07. London: ODPM.

ODPM, 2006b. Potential further developments of FSEC. London: TSO.

Ord, J., 2003. CACFOA welcomes White Paper. FIRE, August 2003, p.9.

Pinhey, J., 2014. Unacknowledged risks. FIRE, January 2014, pp.8-10. 

Prosser, T., 2004. Good Times Bad Times. FIRE, April 2004, pp.14-15. 

Prosser, T., 2005a. Black holes and bean counting – paying for modernisation. FIRE, May 2005, pp.18-19.

Prosser, T., 2005b. The curious matter of risk. FIRE, November 2005, pp. 16-17. 

Prosser, T., 2017. Grenfell Tower: A tragedy waiting to happen? FIRE, July/August 2017, pp.27-31.

Prosser, T., 2018. The way to build a safer future? Reviewing the Hackitt Review. FIRE, June 2018, pp.20-23.

Ramachandran, G., 1982. A review of mathematical models for assessing fire risk. Fire Prevention, 149, pp.28-32.

Shepherd, M., 2018. Fundamental Reform. Fire & Risk Management [online], 30 May. Available at: 

Scottish Fire and Rescue Services, 2013. Fire and rescue framework for Scotland 2013. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government. 

South Yorkshire Fire & Rescue, 2013. Community Fire Risk Model. Available at: 

Sugden, D., 2009. Call for action following Lakanal House fire report. FIRE, September 2009, p. 44.

Sutton, R., 2018. Assessing Risk. Fire & Risk Management [online], 30 May. Available at:  

Whitehead, A., 2002. Government promise to transform Fire Service position. FIRE, April -2002, pp.7-8.

Wood, M., 2017. Building a vision for fire safety. FIRE, June 2017, pp.10-11.

Wright, D., 2009. High-rise risks – castles in the sky? FIRE, June 2009, pp.54-55. 

Wright, D., 2011. Fire appliance evolution seeks to do more with less. FIRE, November 2011, pp. 14-15.

Wright, D., 2012. Fire frameworks: a tale of two nations. FIRE, April 2012, pp.11-13.