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by the NFCC

Control measure
Stabilise and anchor the vehicle

Control measure knowledge

Anchoring a vehicle may be necessary to reduce the likelihood of it moving. In doing so, apply necessary control measures to mitigate the hazards to emergency service personnel, members of the public and anybody trapped inside the vehicle.

Generally, vehicles in water can be categorised as:

  • Fast water immersion
  • Still water immersion
  • Deep water immersion
  • Shallow water immersion

And sub-categorised as follows:

  • Intact or damaged and upright
  • Damaged and rolled or inverted

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Identify appropriate techniques necessary to perform all reasonably foreseeable tasks
  • Provide tactical support and guidance to provide assistance and inform personnel of the hazards and actions

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Work closely with other emergency services to apply the survivability model when deciding on the need for stability of an immersed vehicle and rescue options
  • Consider the possibility of air pockets maintaining the buoyancy of a vehicle in deep water
  • Carry out an assessment of the requirement to stabilise and anchor a vehicle taking into account:

    • The need for specialist extrication techniques
    • Urgency of rescue
    • How the vehicle is positioned (i.e. immersed or submerged)
    • Location of casualty in the vehicle
    • Accessibility and stability of the vehicle
    • The depth and flow of water around the vehicle