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by the NFCC

Control measure


Control measure knowledge

Monitors can be fixed or portable, manual or remote controlled, and can in general be used with water or foam, although in specific circumstances monitors may be designed for other types of firefighting media.

Fixed monitors are found wherever there are substantial class B fire risks while mobile or portable monitors are often used aboard emergency fire vehicles or to protect multiple risks by moving the monitors around a site.

Nearly all industrial fire hazards are candidates for monitor protection, but some of the more common applications are:

  • Refineries
  • Fuel distribution depots
  • Chemical plants
  • Warehouses
  • Helicopter landing pads
  • Aircraft hangars
  • Loading jetties
  • Process plants
  • Industrial process areas
  • Shipping
  • Vehicle-mounted

Monitors may also be used in areas of risk, for example, an area identified as being at risk of structural collapse (either internally or externally) or in irrespirable or explosive atmospheres, or to free up firefighting personnel. A monitor can be positioned to apply firefighting media and left in position indefinitely without the need for firefighters to be present.

Refer to the Firefighting equipment knowledge sheets for information on monitors.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Procure or make arrangements to provide appropriate equipment capable of providing safe systems of work for reasonably foreseeable risks
  • Develop tactical guidance and support arrangements for the hazards that may be encountered and the actions to be taken when using monitors
  • Consider the use of fixed monitors as part of any site pre-planning

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Consider using fixed, aerial appliance mounted or portable monitors to release personnel and minimise risk

  • Consider the use of monitors (aerial appliance mounted, fixed or portable)