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by the NFCC

Control measure

Close doors

Control measure knowledge

Smoke travelling through a building can cause significant damage to property. Closing doors can slow the movement of smoke throughout a site and reduce associated damage. Progress of firefighting personnel in a building can have a significant impact on smoke and fire spread.

For further information, see  Consider employing tactical ventilation.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Develop tactical guidance and support arrangements for the actions to take and associated hazards when considering the need to minimise air flow, fire development and smoke travel by the closing of doors

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Close doors to prevent smoke and fire gas travel whilst maintaining access, egress and ventilation

  • Consider leaving unopened doors closed to prevent the unnecessary spread of smoke and fire gas