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Control measure

Employ safe navigation techniques

Control measure knowledge

The presence of smoke and fire gases will reduce visibility and the effectiveness of sensory perception, which will complicate the process of navigation even in relatively simple environments. Teams deployed in breathing apparatus (BA) should adopt procedures as trained and maintain close contact between personnel. (See Breathing Apparatus Foundation). In large or complex structures, additional measures may need to be implemented to ensure that fire crews can safely navigate to and from the scene of operations and maintain safe access and egress at all times.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Ensure all crews are trained in safe navigation techniques to be used in smoke and darkness

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Brief crews committed into the hazard area on the safe navigation techniques to be adopted