Skip to main content

Developed and maintained
by the NFCC


This context guidance is for incidents involving geophysical hazards, including flooding. There are many other sections of National Operational Guidance that may need to be incorporated when responding to these incident types.

These hazards and their consequences should be considered in planning; for more information refer to Corporate guidance for operational activity – Risk management. Many geophysical hazard events will occur suddenly and require a multi-agency response. The JESIP principles for joint working should be applied whenever there is a multi-agency response, regardless of the type, size or complexity of the incident.

Geophysical hazards will have regional variances due to the geology and history of the area, such as mineral extraction.

Local arrangements, such as memoranda of understanding (MoUs) and mutual aid arrangements with neighbouring fire and rescue services and other organisations, should consider the benefits of collaboration, co-operation and communication between emergency responders involved.

Due to the potential widespread or long-term nature of some geophysical hazard events, National Resilience assets may be beneficial or required to achieve a successful outcome, including a return to normality.