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Hazard
Disease and infection

Hazard Knowledge

Operational activity may bring personnel into contact with disease and infection, including:  

  • Infection or irritation to skin, eyes or respiratory system 
  • Bacterial infection including: 
    • Gastrointestinal diseases 
    • Tetanus 
    • Viral infection including: 
    • Blood borne viruses such as HIV and hepatitis  
    • Rabies 
  • Zoonoses including:  
    • Leptospirosis (Weil’s disease) 
    • Lyme disease 

Diseases and infections may be carried by: 

  • Body fluids  
  • Animals, including their faeces and urine 
  • Insect bites and stings 
  • Contaminated water including:  
    • Stagnant water 
    • Sewage 
    • Flood water 

Transmission of diseases and infections can occur through skin contact, puncture wounds, cuts, inhalation or ingestion. 

For more information see GOV.UK: Health protection - Infectious diseases