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by the NFCC

Rail-related incidents in tunnels

Hazard Knowledge

In addition to the hazards of working on or near railways, rail-related incidents that are located underground or in tunnels present additional or amplified hazards, including:

  • Disorientation, due to:
    • Repetition of features
    • Lack of wayfinder indicators, such as signage or landmarks
  • Reduced visibility
  • Restricted communication
  • Extended access, egress and evacuation distances
  • Lack of railway staff at or near to the scene of the incident
  • High temperatures
  • If the incident involves rail passengers they may:
    • Become distressed, which may lead to attempts to self-evacuate
    • Suffer from heat illness