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Control measure

Implement and monitor access, egress and escape routes

Control measure knowledge

When identifying access, egress and escape routes, all of the hazards at the scene of operations and the current and predicted weather conditions should be considered. These routes should be monitored and reviewed continuously throughout the incident.

Team briefings should include information on access, egress and escape routes. Any changes to these routes need to be communicated to all personnel as soon as possible.

The ability to read and understand topographical maps is critical in identifying access, egress and escape routes. However, the suitability of routes should also be confirmed through observation or reconnaissance.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Provide suitable maps and/or mapping systems to aid navigation across terrain

  • Ensure personnel have an appropriate understanding of topographical maps

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Clearly define access, egress and escape routes to personnel and confirm their understanding

  • Where possible, mark or clearly delineate routes
  • Provide team briefings that include information on access, egress and escape routes
  • Communicate any changes to routes to all personnel as soon as possible
  • Establish, identify and communicate safe traffic routes, establish clear zones and equipment points

  • Consider illuminating routes if there is reduced visibility
  • Continually monitor routes