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by the NFCC

Control measure

Identify and control hazard areas

Control measure knowledge

Potential hazard areas should be identified as soon as possible and appropriate control measures considered, even before entering the site. Hazards may be encountered when accessing the scene of operations, such as moving vehicles or machinery.

Site- Specific Risk Information (SSRI) warning signs and site safety instructions may assist in identifying hazards and associated risks. However, it should be a priority to liaise with on-site staff for information regarding hazards to select the appropriate control measures.

Appropriate cordon distances should be carefully considered, as requirements may vary considerably depending on the incident type and nature of hazards. See National Operational Guidance: Incident command for generic information about cordons.

Some sites may be very large and therefore it may only be practical to control hazards that will immediately affect fire and rescue service operations. Most large industries should have approved and effective control measures in place.

Sites may be multi-use and neighbouring sites may be affected by the incident or may impact the response to the incident. It may be necessary to consider the hazards present at neighbouring sites or the impact of the incident on those sites. Accessing available risk information, contacting the responsible person and visual inspections may assist personnel when considering the impact of the incident.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Ensure relevant information captured in Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) is made available to responding personnel

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Consider the size, type and use of the site and the associated hazards that may be encountered
  • Establish appropriate cordons
  • Consider SSRI, site warning signs, alarms and safety instructions

  • Obtain hazard information from all possible sources, including the responsible person (or appointed competent person) to assist with selecting and implementing appropriate control measures