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Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

Control measure

Identify and maintain appropriate access and egress routes for industrial sites

Control measure knowledge

Safe routes for accessing the scene of operations should be identified, taking account of compartmentation and other engineered solutions. These routes should be monitored and maintained. It may be necessary to isolate power supplies prior to gaining access. Scene lighting may be required to illuminate access and egress routes and identify hazard areas.

Alternative access and egress routes may need to be established and maintained, as the normal entrances and exits may be compromised by an incident or features of the site including its design, layout, fixtures and fittings. The responsible person or site plans may assist with identifying appropriate points and routes for access and egress.

It may also be necessary for personnel to use vertical ladders, gantries and hatches to access areas such as machine rooms, basements and mezzanine levels.

If radio communications are compromised, alternative means of communication may be required, such as fixed communication systems, runners, or mobile phones.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Ensure that information about design, layout, access and egress, fixed installations, water supplies, fixtures and fittings is included in Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI)

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Liaise with the responsible person (or nominated competent person) for information about design, layout, fixtures and fittings
  • Obtain and refer to site plans if available
  • Identify, use or create appropriate access and egress routes
  • Consider isolating power supplies
  • Consider appropriate means of communication
  • Consider the use of scene lighting

  • Consider the use of work at height procedures