Skip to main content

Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

Control measure

Follow principles of casualty care

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Principles of casualty care

Understand:

  • The principles of casualty care
  • How to apply the principles of casualty care
  • The need to assume the presence of infectious diseases whenever emergency responders provide casualty care

Casualty care point

Understand:

  • The benefits of establishing a casualty care point to assist with the medical response

Consent

Understand:

  • The need to obtain consent before administering medical treatment if possible and appropriate
  • That consent may not be necessary if the casualty needs emergency treatment to save their life

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Stabilise casualties until resources or specialist teams are available to assist with extrication

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Stabilise the casualty
  • Carry out a structured assessment of the casualty and provide appropriate treatment

Identify the casualty's level of consciousness and offer reassurance where possible

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Offer reassurance and identify levels of consciousness

Deploy personnel to establish and maintain contact with the casualty

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Appoint somebody to maintain communication and contact with the casualty

Protect the casualty by physically isolating them from immediate harm

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Isolate the casualty from hazards that could cause them harm
  • Aim to remove all hazards from the vicinity of the casualty
  • If the hazards cannot be removed, consider moving the casualty to a place of relative safety
  • Minimise on-scene time

Question the casualty, other emergency responders and witnesses to understand incident factors and history

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Try to identify the mechanics of their injury and obtain a brief history of the casualty

Ensure that if possible and appropriate, consent to treatment has been obtained

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Obtain consent from the casualty before administering medical treatment if possible and appropriate

Address life-threatening injuries or conditions in line with service training

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Prioritise and treat life-threatening injuries, as determined by service policies, procedures or tailored guidance

Establish and resource a casualty care point if required

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Establish a casualty care point if required

Provide appropriate casualty care

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Apply the principles of casualty care