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Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

Control measure

Carry out triage

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Declaration of major incident

Understand:

  • When it may be necessary to declare a major incident and use the JESIP M/ETHANE model to communicate this

Carry out triage

Understand:

  • The benefits of carrying out triage
  • When fire and rescue services may need to employ triage sieves
  • How to use triage sieves to identify life-threatening problems and correctly prioritise casualties for treatment
  • The importance of initial assessment and treatment of catastrophic haemorrhage
  • That the same triage principles apply to children, although the use of paediatric triage tape is beneficial

Providing minimal casualty care

Understand:

  • When it may be necessary to restrict actions to providing minimum casualty care

Recording and communicating the outcome of the triage

Understand:

  • The meaning of each of the casualty triage priorities
  • The need to label each casualty with their priority
  • The need to keep a record or log of the number of casualties in each priority
  • The need to notify the fire control room about the number of casualties in each priority
  • The need to apply discretion when referring to or communicating about casualties and the triage priorities

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Identify the number of casualties requiring medical attention and notify the fire control room

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify the number of casualties requiring medical attention
  • Notify the fire control room about the number of casualties so that the required resources can be mobilised

Consider declaring a major incident

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Appropriate declare a major incident
  • Use the JESIP M/ETHANE model to provide details about the incident

Carry out or assist with triage of casualties

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Triage casualties if required to:
    • Identify life-threatening problems
    • Prioritise casualties for treatment
  • Correctly triage adults or children
  • Be prepared to provide minimal casualty care if there are insufficient resources to deal with multiple casualties

Record the outcome of the triage and discreetly communicate this information to medical responders and the fire control room

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Ensure casualties are labelled with their priority
  • Ensure casualties are handed over to a medical responder
  • Keep a record or log of each priority and notify the fire control room
  • Use discretion when referring to or communicating about casualties and the triage priorities