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Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

Control measure

Primary search: Unstable or collapsed structure

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

The Six Stages of Rescue

Understand:

  • How the Six Stages of Rescue framework is used
  • That initial responders may need to commence the Six Stages of Rescue prior to the arrival of USAR resources

Stage 1: Reconnaissance and survey

Understand:

  • The need for safety officers to carry out stage 1 structural monitoring
  • What activities should be carried out
  • What hazards may be present, including the potential for secondary collapse
  • What control measures should be considered

Stage 2: Elimination of utilities

Understand:

  • The need for isolation of utilities
  • The need for monitoring utilities
  • The need to avoid cutting or disturbing utility supply components

Stage 3: Primary surface search and rescue

Understand:

  • Methods for systematic searching
  • Marking schemes and methods
  • The need to remove surface casualties
  • The hazard of secondary collapse

Stage 4: Exploration of voids and spaces

Understand:

  • Who should carry out exploration of voids and spaces
  • Methods used to explore voids and spaces

Stage 5: Access by selected debris removal

Understand:

  • The need for specialist tools and techniques
  • The benefit for gathering information about the position of the casualty prior to the collapse

Stage 6: Terminate by general debris removal

Understand:

  • Why the stage may be delayed

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Ensure that non-specialist personnel understand the capabilities and limitations of their response

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Ensure personnel only proceed with the Six Stages of Rescue to the level of capabilities and equipment available

Consider using the REPEAT mnemonic to structure initial actions and planning

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Develop a tactical plan for the initial actions that can be carried out

Consider requesting National Resilience assistance for an unstable or collapsed structure

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Request USAR resources for search and rescue from an unstable or collapsed structure

Monitor and record movement of an unstable or collapsed structure

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Appoint a safety officer to monitor the structure for movement
  • Consider taking photographs periodically of the structure, to compare and track movement