Control measure knowledge

The casualty that remains trapped is exposed to the environment and is unable to adjust to extremes of heat and cold. Both have a negative effect on the casualty's ability to survive injury.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Ensure that responding personnel are aware of hypothermia and hyperthermia and their associated prevention and first aid treatments

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Protect casualties from environmental exposure to reduce risk of hypothermia or hyperthermia