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Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

The LACES safety protocol

LACES is an internationally recognised safety protocol, adopted in a number of countries worldwide to improve and manage safety at wildfire incidents. LACES can be fully adjusted to different circumstances and the scale and complexity of wildfire incidents. When implemented correctly, LACES is clear, concise and easily understood by all personnel. It can also be easily applied through the incident command system detailed in Incident command: Knowledge, skills and competence and National Operational Guidance: Incident command.

LACES is an acronym and stands for:




Escape routes

Safety zones

LACES should be implemented at the earliest possible opportunity at all wildfire incidents. It should be continuously reviewed, revised and communicated to all personnel throughout the duration of the incident. It should also be used as a key foundation and guiding principle for developing safe and effective tactical plans for wildfires.

The ultimate responsibility for implementing and communicating LACES should sit with the incident commander. However, LACES is most effective if all personnel have an awareness of what it is and how it should be implemented. Fire and rescue services should consider providing appropriate training for personnel in how to use and implement LACES effectively.