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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Make a safe approach at an appropriate speed and consider wreckage, casualties, fuel spills, animals etc.

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm and communicate the exact location of the incident (On aerodrome, off site, remote)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with aerodrome regarding RVP and airside access for vehicles

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify type and size of aircraft (e.g. military, helicopter, passenger, drone)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify the number of passengers, contents, cargo and any hazardous materials information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Confirm and communicate the involvement, num​ber and severity of any casualties (persons or animals)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify fuel type (hydrocarbon, LPG, electric, hybrid, hydrogen), fuel spillages and potential ignition sources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify vehicle construction materials, pressurised air systems, hydraulics and refrigerants

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Investigate the scene looking for indicators of occupancy considering seating and standing capacities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      For onsite incidents access the aerodrome emergency plan

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider using a range of thermal imaging resources such as aerial appliances, drones and helicopters
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Consider the evacuation of people at the scene to a relative place of safety as part of the tactical plan
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting specialist resources to transport people and equipment to the scene

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting resources from Aerodrome Rescue and Fire Fighting Service (RFFS)

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and organise a water / media management strategy or nominate a water officer

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting assistance from the Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Centre (ARCC)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting assistance from military agencies

Risk information

  • Difficult access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the extent of the wreckage trail / slide path and the associated risk to responders and others

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider a range of means of accessing incident including the use of specialist vehicles
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Define routes using physical barriers and clearly illuminate where there is reduced visibility
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of geography on equipment logistics, casualties and crew welfare

  • Power and electrical systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure vehicle power or fuel source is isolated by removing keys or operate emergency shut-offs when safe to do so

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and isolate active aircraft control systems in liaison with specialist advice

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and isolate electrical systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify jet engines hazard zones (intake & exhaust), establish and communicate appropriate cordons

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any rotating propellers and helicopter blades, establish and communicate avoidance routes

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Adopt an upwind approach to smoke plumes and fire gases, and to avoid where possible

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider the risks in the downwind protection zone, such as buildings with high-risk or high-dependency members of the public
  • Fuel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and type of unburned fuel and assess the risk to casualties and responding personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure vehicle power or fuel source is isolated by removing keys or operate emergency shut-offs when safe to do so

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Control ignition sources and use intrinsically safe tools and equipment where fuel is not contained

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using foam blanketing to reduce vapours from uncontained fuel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid fuel soaked ground

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting specialist advice or assistance for atmospheric monitoring

  • Undercarriage and on-board systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach considering the risk of wheel assembly failure and establish a hub disintegration exclusion zone

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider escape slide deployment when establishing cordons

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate any ballistic recovery system and its state to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify helicopter flotation devices and/or Automatically Deployable Emergency Locator Transmitters

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Make ejection seats safe using approved techniques following specialist advice

  • Aircraft construction and contents

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify materials and systems used within a vehicle and communicate to all emergency responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate hazards relating to pressurised systems to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid manipulation and damage of composite materials, use spray to reduce airborne particles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the effect of objects, structures and roadside furniture involved on fire service operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider removing or stabilising vehicle contents if they are likely to hamper response

  • Unstable aircraft

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the stabilisation of unsecured vehicles as part of the incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Appoint a safety officer to monitor the effect of operations on the stability of vehicle
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Maintain rescuer egress route in case the vehicle becomes unstable or moves

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and communicate hazards relating to instability to all emergency responders

  • Military aircraft

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Seek advice from the appropriate military adviser at the earliest opportunity

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Manage or restrict the use of electronic communication devices unless approved by military advisers

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Implement cordons of 400m for military aircraft or 800m for military aircraft with ordnance

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider risk from on board ordnance, munitions, ejector seat and canopy detonators etc.

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach the vicinity of the incident cautiously and at slow speed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established following an assessment of the risk to crews, other agencies and the public

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
  • Fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider seeking specialist advice from a HMA on remedial action for spillages and fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request advice from appropriate environmental protection agencies

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Attempt to control pollution using a Source – Pathway - Receptor model

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Prevent escalation, contain and extinguish the fire considering all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Establish a safe working environment for fire crews and other responders
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Improve survivability by protecting escape routes and preventing fire from spreading to fuselage

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Protect surrounding environment and infrastructure from thermal radiation and fire spread

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider preservation of evidence when planning, communicating and implementing tactics

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify safe cutting zones from fuselage marking and gain access to any persons requiring rescue

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Determine whether people should be advised to evacuate, shelter in place or 'stay put'

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish and resource a casualty care point

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider cutting away to access the seat of the fire, hidden voids and compartments

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish incident ground communications considering working environment and infrastructure

  • Control measure - Guidance Provide a structured handover when transferring casualty to medical responders
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish communications with the Aerodrome RFFS, CAA, AAIB or other relevant agencies

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish resilient telecommunications with other responding agencies and consider talk groups

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the incident situation to other responders via fire control using the M\ETHANE message protocol

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider establishing an equipment, tool, debris or personnel areas

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that everyone on the incident ground is fully briefed on the current hazards, specific risks and control measures including other agencies and organisations
  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing a forward control point

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Commit only minimum number of essential personnel to hazard area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the tactical withdrawal and emergency evacuation arrangements to all personnel

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that hazards and risk controls are identified when handing over safety to the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider decontamination of personnel, PPE and equipment prior to redeployment

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Avoid movement of dials, valves and controls or record original position for investigation purposes

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Follow service protocols for post incident health surveillance and monitoring

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the welfare or shelter arrangements for people directly or indirectly affected by the incident

Additional information

 

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Aircraft undercarriage hazard zones

 

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Jet engine hazard areas