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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using thermal imaging equipment for scanning when carrying out a scene survey

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish the type and extent of structural work being undertaken and identify temporary supports

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish the previous use of unoccupied, derelict or buildings awaiting demolition

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify number and last known position (LKP) of any occupants in need of rescue or assistance to evacuate
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Continually monitor and assess the fire development for signs and symptoms of escalation

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the presence of unofficial occupants (e.g. squatters, rough sleepers, drug users, youths)

  • Control measure - Guidance Consider referring to building plans if available
  • Further Incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the tactical withdrawal and emergency evacuation arrangements to all personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider potential causes of fire e.g. deliberate or accidental ignition and illegal activities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the location of basements, chimneys, voids, ducting, cavities and concealed areas

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and effectiveness of fixed installations and where appropriate, take control of their operation

    • Control measure - Guidance Look for signs of compartmentation or of fire stopping that has been damaged or removed

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request medical support at rescue incidents as soon as a need is identified

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request the police and supplier where illegal activity involving electricity is identified or suspected

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request sufficient resources to implement initial actions, the incident plan and support contingency plan

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting specialist appliances and resources to reduce risk and demand on deployed resources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting advice on structural integrity from local authority building control teams or USAR Tac Ad

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Carry out timely liaison with partner agencies on the establishment of reception centres

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Identify a secondary water supply in case of increased demand or failure
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting advice on structural integrity from local authority building control teams or USAR Tac Ad

Risk information

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Look for signs of compartmentation or of fire stopping that has been damaged or removed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use covering jets or appropriate media to protect external boundaries and restrict firespread

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

  • Live utilities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider isolating the power supplies, considering the impact on any critical systems

    • Control measure - Guidance Isolate any utilities that may affect the incident or crew safety, and secure against reconnection
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request the police and supplier where illegal activity involving electricity is identified or suspected

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment for live utilities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any sources of renewable energy generation such as photovoltaic panels or wind power

  • Restricted access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify security features that may compromise safe access to and egress from the scene of operations

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider carefully removing metal security screens considering weight and fixing methods
  • Scaffolding and netting

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Deploy the minimum numbers of personnel and equipment required for the task when using scaffolding

    • Refer to the scaffolding tag if available
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify presence, type and integrity of any netting in liaison with responsible person

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the removal of sheeting or netting where it presents a risk to safe implementation of the incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Implement work at height procedures when working on scaffolding

  • Smoke and fire gasses

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of wind and ventilation on smoke and fire gases when positioning firefighting personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using tactical ventilation to improve conditions and maintain access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of smoke plume on downwind life risk, road users and other transport networks

  • Timber buildings

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use covering jets or appropriate media to protect external boundaries and restrict firespread

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider that rapid fire spread may occur at incomplete timber framed buildings

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider cordon size due to thermal radiation produced by incomplete timber framed buildings

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider that the structural integrity of incomplete timber framed buildings may fail rapidly

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Tactical ventilation may accelerate fire growth and spread where timber framed buildings are incomplete

  • Unstable structures

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and continuously monitor the buildings for signs of failing structural integrity, external and internal

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider applying water sprays to unprotected steel, temporary supports and scaffolding
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of the fire’s duration and intensity and firefighting activity on structural elements or structural frames 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Evaluate and monitor the potential footprint of collapse and debris

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
  • Further powers, policies and procedures

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request a water undertaker to provide a supply and pressure of water greater than otherwise available

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Enter into an agreement to secure the use of water under the control of a person

Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extinguish the fire and eliminate all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate a firefighting plan and ventilation strategy to all personnel

  • Control measure - Guidance Put safety jets in place to protect firefighting teams and maintain safe access and egress
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish appropriate emergency arrangements for releasing personnel from cable entanglement

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and communicate an incident plan considering contingencies arrangements

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider moving physical evidence to a safe place, away from the effects of the fire or firefighting

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that good scene preservation and practices are adopted at all stages of an incident

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify all possible ignition sources and eliminate them as far as is possible

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the need for damage control and salvage operations

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor the effect of the media on the fire to ensure that the anticipated outcome is achieved
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider creating a firebreak to prevent firespread, considering the time required to implement

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using fixed, aerial appliance mounted or portable monitors to release personnel and minimise risk

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that crews are briefed on all firefighting activities and provide regular updates on progress
  • Control measure - Guidance Establish communications to coordinate internal and external firefighting operations
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain communication with responsible person on site

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform all personnel and other responders which utilities have been isolated and if any remain operative

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Inform all personnel of known or likely areas of interest for fire or criminal investigation

    • Identify any fixed installations and consider effectiveness   

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement exclusion zones where intolerable risks to safety are identified

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider appointing an external safety officer to monitor structural stability

  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Collate and secure records from the incident and witness statements to inform future investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record and time stamp the decision to isolate utilities in the analytical risk assessment and decision log

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Hand over responsibility for removed items and security of premises to the responsible person or the police

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify the area of origin and investigate possible causes of the fire considering criminal acts
  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid movement of dials, valves and controls or record original position for investigation purposes

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access and secure CCTV footage for subsequent investigations and debriefs

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record statements from relevant people as soon as practicable to assist in the investigation process

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Notify investigators if crews have recently attended other incidents where cross contamination may have happened

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Delegate collection of physical evidence to a police crime scene investigator or fire service investigator

Additional information