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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify number and last known position (LKP) of any occupants in need of rescue or assistance to evacuate
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using thermal imaging equipment for scanning when carrying out a scene survey

  • Control measure - Guidance Identify the location of the fire, materials involved and any potential for flashover or backdraught
  • Control measure - Guidance
    Consider the stability, construction type, size, age and maintained condition of the building
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify utilities, including renewable energy supplies and locate isolation points

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Consider the occupancy, use and contents of the property involved and adjacent properties
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify security features that may compromise safe access to and egress from the scene of operations

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Continually monitor and assess the fire development for signs and symptoms of escalation

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider potential causes of fire e.g. deliberate or accidental ignition and illegal activities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the status of compartmentation, fire doors, means of escape and protected shafts

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the original use of the building and any subsequent structural or cosmetic alterations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the location of basements, chimneys, voids, ducting, cavities and concealed areas

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and effectiveness of fixed installations and where appropriate, take control of their operation

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request sufficient resources to implement initial actions, the incident plan and support contingency plan

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Request medical support for any casualties and safety of incident responders if required
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting aerial or special appliances to reduce risk and demand on resources

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Identify a secondary water supply in case of increased demand or failure
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request support for people affected by the incident, from the local authority, partner agencies or police family liaison officers 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting advice on structural integrity from local authority building control teams or USAR Tac Ad

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request the police and supplier where illegal activity involving electricity is identified or suspected

Risk information

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider whether a breach of the compartment would spread fire to another room, floor, area or building

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Put in place covering and/or safety jets according to identified risks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of wind and ventilation on smoke and fire gases when positioning firefighting personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using tactical ventilation to improve conditions and maintain access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of smoke plume on downwind life risk, road users and other transport networks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

  • Flashover, backdraught and fire gas ignition

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Where backdraught conditions are suspected, apply media and ventilate before interior deployment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Where flashover conditions are suspected, consider direct firefighting techniques

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider employing a combination of direct firefighting and gas cooling to control conditions
    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Consider the isolation or containment of the fire compartment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Brief crews to carry out self-protection, door entry and compartment firefighting techniques

  • Uncontrolled ventilation

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using appropriate ventilation techniques for any products of combustion

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Monitor the effect of wind and ventilation on the fire development, smoke and fire gases
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider the flow path of smoke and fire gases and the potential for fire spread
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Put covering jets in place prior to the creation of exhaust vents, where possible
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider leaving unopened doors closed to prevent the unnecessary spread of smoke and fire gas

  • Live utilities

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Isolate utilities that may impact fire development and secure against reconnection
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider isolating the power supplies, considering the impact on any critical systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any sources of renewable energy generation such as photovoltaic panels or wind power

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment for live utilities

  • Unstable structure

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and continuously monitor the structure for signs of collapse

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Evaluate and monitor the potential footprint of collapse and debris

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of the fire or firefighting on structural elements and structural frames 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of the fire’s duration and intensity and firefighting activity on structural materials 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting advice on structural integrity from local authority building control teams or USAR Tac Ad

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Consider the structural stability of the building before deploying personnel for internal firefighting 

  • Cables

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the presence of lightweight conduit, trunking and cable fixings

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify loose cables and consider using alternative access and egress routes or defensive tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider securing or carrying out a  a controlled release of cables

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that cable cutting equipment is available at incidents where cables may cause entanglement

  • Preventable damage

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the minimum extinguishing media required considering the appropriate weight of attack

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Close doors to prevent smoke and fire gas travel whilst maintaining access, egress and ventilation

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Move valuable items to an appropriate place of safety in liaison with the responsible person

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider protecting fragile objects from falling debris

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider completing an inventory of all items removed to a safe location

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
  • Further powers, policies and procedures

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request a water undertaker to provide a supply and pressure of water greater than otherwise available

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Enter into an agreement to secure the use of water under the control of a person

Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extinguish the fire and eliminate all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate a firefighting plan and ventilation strategy to all personnel

  • Control measure - Guidance Put safety jets in place to protect firefighting teams and maintain safe access and egress
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish emergency arrangements appropriate to the size and complexity of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the need for damage control and salvage operations

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and communicate an incident plan considering contingencies arrangements

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify all possible ignition sources and eliminate them as far as is possible

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that good scene preservation and practices are adopted at all stages of an incident

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider moving physical evidence to a safe place, away from the effects of the fire or firefighting

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Gain access to the fire, compartments and voids using safest and simplest method

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider adjoining areas when mitigating damage due to fire, smoke and extinguishing media

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor the effect of the media on the fire to ensure that the anticipated outcome is achieved
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using fixed, aerial appliance mounted or portable monitors to release personnel and minimise risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure all areas above, below and adjacent to the fire compartment are checked for potential fire spread

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider compartment boundary cooling using appropriate and effective fire-fighting media

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider creating a firebreak to prevent firespread, considering the time required to implement

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that crews are briefed on all firefighting activities and provide regular updates on progress
  • Control measure - Guidance Establish communications to coordinate internal and external firefighting operations
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform all personnel and other responders which utilities have been isolated and if any remain operative

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform all personnel of known or likely areas of interest for fire or criminal investigation

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure all personnel are informed of any intended tactics regarding the fixed installation systems

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement exclusion zones where intolerable risks to safety are identified

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Evaluate and monitor the potential footprint of collapse and debris

  • Further control information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record and time stamp the decision to isolate utilities in the analytical risk assessment and decision log

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Note issues relating to cordons or physical evidence in the decision log

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify the area of origin and investigate possible causes of the fire considering criminal acts
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Hand over responsibility for removed items and security of premises to the responsible person or the police

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record statements from relevant people as soon as practicable to assist in the investigation process

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Delegate collection of physical evidence to a police crime scene investigator or fire service investigator

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Notify police or fire investigators if crews have recently attended other relevant incidents
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid movement of dials, valves and controls or record original position for investigation purposes

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access and secure CCTV footage for subsequent investigations and debriefs

Additional information

  • Thatch Fires

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify if wire mesh could become live due to contact with electricity

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify if roof is close boarded or over fire resisting boarding (e.g. Dorset Model)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify if sparge pipes fitted to premises and factor into incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting or using lances to penetrate thatch