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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure a thorough brief is obtained from the vessel's master or their nominated representative
  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify number and last known position (LKP) of any occupants in need of rescue or assistance to evacuate
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use ships plan and on-board systems in liaison with the vessel’s personnel to confirm the location of the fire

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify the presence and effectiveness of any on board or infrastructure fixed installations

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ascertain any prior and ongoing firefighting actions taken by on board teams

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access any operational or site specific risk information (SSRI) and confirm accuracy

    • Control measure - Guidance Question the responsible person, other responders and witnesses to understand incident factors and history
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that a scene survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using thermal imaging equipment for scanning when carrying out a scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance Access any available information to identify the cargo (e.g. manifest, crew knowledge)
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the impact of the infrastructure on the incident (waterways, docks)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Investigate the scene looking for indicators of occupancy considering seating and standing capacities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the location of any available ship to shore connection

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify the resources currently available to take immediate action and request those likely to be needed to deliver a full incident plan

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request specialist resources, considering specialist firefighting teams, fire boats, water rescue teams or tugs

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting advice from tactical advisers and subject matter experts (e.g. HMCG, SOSREP)

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and organise a water / media management strategy or nominate a water officer

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting aerial or special appliances to reduce risk and demand on resources

Risk information

  • Bodies of water

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the presence of water or other liquids to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that crews operate on the safe side of suitable existing or improvised guarding or barriers near water or other liquids

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure personnel working around unstable ground are secured using work restraint or fall arrest systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that personnel wear suitable PPE and personal flotation devices when working near water or other liquids

  • Restricted access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure there are alternative methods of emergency egress to a place of safety (e.g. off the vessel)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of the infrastructure on safe access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance Consult the vessel's plans and liaise with the vessel's crew regarding safe access and egress routes
    • Control measure - Guidance Consider the effect of rising and falling water level on access and egress arrangements
    • Control measure - Guidance Identify and communicate safe, planned routes to the scene of operations
    • Control measure - Guidance Define routes using physical barriers and clearly illuminate where there is reduced visibility
  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Put in place covering and/or safety jets according to identified risks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using tactical ventilation to improve conditions and maintain access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of smoke plume on downwind life risk, road users and other transport networks

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Obtain advice from the hazardous materials adviser (HMA) on the size of any downwind protection zone

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

  • Flashover, backdraught and fire gas ignition

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Where backdraught conditions are suspected, apply media and ventilate before interior deployment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Where flashover conditions are suspected, consider direct firefighting techniques

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider employing a combination of direct firefighting and gas cooling to control conditions
    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Consider the isolation or containment of the fire compartment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Brief crews to carry out self-protection, door entry and compartment firefighting techniques

  • Uncontrolled ventilation

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Manage the vessel's ventilation systems in conjunction with the vessel's personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Monitor the effect of wind and ventilation on the fire development, smoke and fire gases
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider the flow path of smoke and fire gases and the potential for fire spread
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Put covering jets in place prior to the creation of exhaust vents, where possible
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider leaving unopened doors closed to prevent the unnecessary spread of smoke and fire gas

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using appropriate ventilation techniques for any products of combustion

  • Military vessels

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Liaise with the officer of the day or contract manager on military vessels

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify whether munitions are present, and/or involved, at fires involving military vessels

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Be prepared to take formal responsibility for firefighting actions if requested and delegated

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify presence of hazardous materials on board (e.g. cylinders, illegal activities)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify if the vessel is compliant with the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify potential sources of biological contamination (e.g. waste from sanitary conveniences)

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Prevent escalation, contain and extinguish the fire considering all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Establish a safe working environment for fire crews and other responders
  • Control measure - Guidance Confirm that fire and rescue service assistance is required and ask for permission to board the vessel
  • Control measure - Guidance Develop an intervention strategy appropriate to current situational awareness and predicted fire development
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Protect surrounding environment and infrastructure from thermal radiation and fire spread

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    When evacuation is necessary, identify the number of people affected and develop a plan 

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Control measure - Guidance Consider compartment boundary cooling, starvation or flooding as a strategy
  • Control measure - Guidance Carry out an analytical risk assessment to support the decision to re-open sealed fire compartments
  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider cutting away to access the seat of the fire, hidden voids and compartments
    • Create and resource a suitable casualty care point, evacuate unaffected people to a place of safety

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure communication systems are effective in subsurface and tunnel environments

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Conduct regular communication checks to ensure equipment continues to function

  • Control measure - Guidance Implement fallback procedures should there be a failure in the communications equipment
  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that all personnel are fully briefed on the current hazards, risks, control measures and tactical mode
    • Establish communication with remote tactical advisers, subject matter experts and specialist resources

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish effective communications with other emergency services and relevant people as soon as possible

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Communicate emergency evacuation signal and muster point arrangements to all personnel

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Control access to the inner cordon using methods proportionate to the size and complexity of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance Establish appropriate boarding control procedures for any personnel required to go on board a vessel
  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Commit only minimum number of essential personnel to hazard area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing a forward control point

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the tactical withdrawal and emergency evacuation arrangements to all personnel

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that hazards and risk controls are identified when handing over safety to the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider decontamination of personnel, PPE and equipment prior to redeployment

Additional information

  • A standard type of abbreviated informative message should also be considered as an early first impression of the incident, such as:

    • Type of vessel
    • Name of vessel
    • Tonnage of vessel
    • Location of vessel (e.g. berthing point, jetty number, dry dock etc.)
    • Cargo on board
    • Location and extent of fire hazard
    • Summary of resources in use including ships systems/crews