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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance Identify the location of the fire, materials involved and any potential for flashover or backdraught
  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify number and last known position (LKP) of any occupants in need of rescue or assistance to evacuate
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using thermal imaging equipment for scanning when carrying out a scene survey

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify utilities, including renewable energy supplies and locate isolation points

  • Pass the identification number(s) of any transmission tower or pole to the relevant distribution network operator (DNO) or transmission operator (TO) 

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Check building system indicator, slave control, alarm panels and CCTV to assess the status of facilities
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify security features that may compromise safe access to and egress from the scene of operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and effectiveness of fixed installations and where appropriate, take control of their operation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider the occupancy, use and contents of the property involved and adjacent properties
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the presence of unofficial occupants (e.g. squatters, rough sleepers, drug users, youths)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider potential causes of fire e.g. deliberate or accidental ignition and illegal activities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Continually monitor and assess the fire development for signs and symptoms of escalation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Ensure that regular scene surveys are carried out based on the nature and severity of the fire

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Request utilities representative where isolation is required or illegal extraction evident
  • Control measure - Guidance Request assistance from the service supplier to isolate the utility or fuel supply from the national grid
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting aerial or special appliances to reduce risk and demand on resources

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider resources that may be available from neighbouring fire and rescue services and partner agencies

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Request medical support for any casualties and safety of incident responders if required

Risk information

  • Electricity

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider isolating the power supplies, considering the impact on any critical systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Isolate any utilities that may affect the incident or crew safety, and secure against reconnection

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance Isolate any photovoltaic system as close to the panels as possible
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that stored charge or stored energy is discharged
    • Control measure - Guidance Observe and adhere to any warnings and local restrictions when working near to transmitting mast or towers
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Implement high-voltage safe system of work if a yellow 'danger of death' sign present

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Take precautions when carrying metal ladders or other operational equipment; these should be carried horizontally and as low to the ground as possible

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment for live utilities

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Put in place covering and/or safety jets according to identified risks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of wind and ventilation on smoke and fire gases when positioning firefighting personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Adopt an upwind approach to smoke plumes and fire gases, and to avoid where possible

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Implement BA entry control procedures appropriate to the level of risk identified
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of smoke plume on downwind life risk, road users and other transport networks

  • Unstable structure

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the age, design and condition of the structure

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and continuously monitor the structure for signs of collapse

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Consider the structural stability of the building before deploying personnel for internal firefighting 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Evaluate and monitor the potential footprint of collapse and debris

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of the fire’s duration and intensity and firefighting activity on structural elements or structural frames 

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider requesting the attendance of a local authority building inspector to provide advice on building structural integrity
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of the fire’s duration and intensity and firefighting activity on structural materials 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of fire or firefighting on mezzanine and raised storage systems

  • Cables

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the presence of lightweight conduit, trunking and cable fixings

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify loose cables and consider using alternative access and egress routes or defensive tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider securing or carrying out a  a controlled release of cables

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      When approaching the incident use visual and other incident indicators to inform situational awareness

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Gather incident information from a suitable safe distance based on hazard assessment

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence of asbestos-containing materials and assess the level of risk (High or Lower Hazard)

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Restrict the access of persons to premises or a place if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred

  • Further powers, policies and procedures

    • See All incident: Powers policies and procedures

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
      • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
      • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
      • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
      • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
      • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extinguish the fire and eliminate all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request and record permission from the designated person before commencing fire and rescue service activities near high-voltage equipment

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate a firefighting plan and ventilation strategy to all personnel

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify the number of casualties requiring medical attention and instigate a triage process
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify all possible ignition sources and eliminate them as far as is possible

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that good scene preservation and practices are adopted at all stages of an incident

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor the effect of the media on the fire to ensure that the anticipated outcome is achieved
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider the use of monitors (aerial appliance mounted, fixed or portable)
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider compartment boundary cooling using appropriate and effective fire-fighting media

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider means of access to concealed areas, including use of hatches and cutting away

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the use of on-site vehicles operated by competent people as part of the incident plan

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Brief crews to carry out self-protection, door entry and compartment firefighting techniques

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Conduct regular communication checks to ensure equipment continues to function

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform all personnel and other responders which utilities have been isolated and if any remain operative

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure all personnel are informed of any intended tactics regarding the fixed installation systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Inform all personnel of known or likely areas of interest for fire or criminal investigation

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the most effective methods for communicating with people who are either directly or indirectly involved in the incident 

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish 10m exclusion zone around high voltage electricity sources

  • Control measure - Guidance Identify, implement and manage safety distances for power sources that cannot be isolated
  • Further control information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record and time stamp the decision to isolate utilities in the analytical risk assessment and decision log

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Note issues relating to cordons or physical evidence in the decision log

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify the area of origin and investigate possible causes of the fire considering criminal acts
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Hand over responsibility for removed items and security of premises to the responsible person or the police

  • Control measure - Guidance Preserve evidence of illegal wiring and pass this information to the police and the electricity supplier
  • Further incident and closure information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access and secure CCTV footage for subsequent investigations and debriefs

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Liaise with the police and local authority support teams at incidents involving serious injury and fatalities
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record statements from relevant people as soon as practicable to assist in the investigation process

Additional information