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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Obtain a site manifest and any Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) documentation

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify number and last known position (LKP) of any occupants in need of rescue or assistance to evacuate
  • Control measure - Guidance
    Consider using a range of thermal imaging resources such as aerial appliances, drones and helicopters
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify utilities, including renewable energy supplies and locate isolation points

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify operation and effectiveness of fixed installations and pollution prevention measures

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Continually monitor and assess the fire development for signs and symptoms of escalation

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access and review any onsite environmental and fire prevention and mitigation plans

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the quantity, type and density of stacked materials

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request sufficient resources to implement initial actions, the incident plan and support contingency plan

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting specialist appliances and resources to reduce risk and demand on deployed resources

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the use of on-site vehicles operated by competent people as part of the incident plan

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider using a range of thermal imaging resources such as aerial appliances, drones and helicopters
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards

Risk information

  • Working environment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of fire water run off on compacted materials and ground conditions

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the use of aerial or reach appliances to avoid crews working on unstable ground

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish and communicate cordons and hazard areas around unstable stack and falling materials

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Ensure that personnel expected to work at night review the area during daylight hours where possible
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Provide lighting to illuminate hazards to personnel in poorly lit environments

  • Difficult access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify security features that may compromise safe access to and egress from the scene of operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate routes avoiding unsuitable and hazardous areas

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Prevent all personnel from walking across stacked waste

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider removing waste and plant from site or relocating it to a safe area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the potential for thermal radiation damage and fire spread on buildings and surrounding areas

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any risk of running or pooling fuel fires

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the potential for undetected subsurface firespread creating hidden voids

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of wind and ventilation on smoke and fire gases when positioning firefighting personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of smoke plume on downwind life risk, road users and other transport networks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting an air quality cell

  • Machinery and vehicle movements

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider Isolating power supplies to on-site machinery

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure only competent persons use or operate site machinery

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting that on-site vehicle movements are controlled, restricted or stopped

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Ensure high visibility clothing is worn where compatible with other PPE
  • Live utilities

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Isolate utilities that may impact fire development and secure against reconnection
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider isolation of electricity supply to mitigate the risk of electrocution
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any sources of renewable energy generation such as photovoltaic panels or wind power

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach hazardous material incidents at slow speed from upwind and higher-level ground where possible 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Carry out testing and monitoring of the atmosphere and use the results to inform the incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Comply with hygiene arrangements and don't eat, drink or smoke

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
  • Fire water run-off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider seeking specialist advice from a HMA on remedial action for spillages and fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider diverting water to holding areas or sacrificial areas that will not affect firefighting operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the possible recirculation of fire water run-off, to reduce water used

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request advice from appropriate environmental protection agencies

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Attempt to control pollution using a Source – Pathway - Receptor model

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of fire water run off on compacted materials and ground conditions

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
  • Further powers, policies and procedures

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider the legal exemptions in relation to environmental protection i.e.
      • A discharge is made in an emergency to avoid danger to human health
      • All reasonably practicable steps were taken to minimise pollution
      • The relevant environment agency is informed of the incident as soon as possible
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Prevent escalation, contain and extinguish the fire considering all ignition sources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate a firefighting plan and ventilation strategy to all personnel

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop tactical plan in consultation with relevant agencies (e.g. public health, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Determine whether people should be advised to evacuate, shelter in place or 'stay put'

  • Control measure - Guidance Put safety jets in place to protect firefighting teams and maintain safe access and egress
  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and communicate an incident plan considering contingencies arrangements

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Assess the fuel type, weather conditions, resources and time required to create an effective firebreak

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor the effect of the media on the fire to ensure that the anticipated outcome is achieved
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using fixed, aerial appliance mounted or portable monitors to release personnel and minimise risk

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that crews are briefed on all firefighting activities and provide regular updates on progress
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement a safe system of work and communication channels for the use of onsite vehicles

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use the most effective methods for communicating with people who are either directly or indirectly involved in the incident 

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Inform all personnel of known or likely areas of interest for fire or criminal investigation

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Appoint competent safety officers to monitor specific hazards or activities

  • Control measure - Guidance Record all access and egress into and out of the inner cordon, for fire and rescue service personnel and other agencies
  • Liaise with the site operator about on-site plant, how it is used and who can use it
  • Further control information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record and time stamp the decision to isolate utilities in the analytical risk assessment and decision log

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Collate and secure records from the incident and witness statements to inform future investigations

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify the area of origin and investigate possible causes of the fire considering criminal acts
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Hand over responsibility for removed items and security of premises to the responsible person or the police

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider decontamination of personnel, PPE and equipment prior to redeployment

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Follow service protocols for post incident health surveillance and monitoring

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Record statements from relevant people as soon as practicable to assist in the investigation process

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Delegate collection of physical evidence to a police crime scene investigator or fire service investigator

Additional information