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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform Fire Control and Rail Incident Officer (or equivalent) if crews are working close to the permanent way

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use location markers on fixed structures to confirm and communicate exact location

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request advice and assistance from rail or tram network operators regarding the most appropriate access

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify whether trains or trams are informed, run at caution, stopped or stopped and power off and isolated

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify rail power systems and determine whether the line is electrified and involved in the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that a hazardous materials scene survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ascertain the likely impact of people on emergency responders 

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish effective communications with other emergency services and relevant people as soon as possible

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access risk information including emergency plans held at stations, signal boxes and other locations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any limited clearance areas and take notice of warning signs

    • Assess the impact of the incident on traffic management in the local and wider areas
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the speed and type of line, for example single or multi-directional

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify utilities installed adjacent to railway lines and assess the impact on the incident and the safety of personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Investigate the scene looking for indicators of occupancy considering seating and standing capacities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and effectiveness of any on board or infrastructure fixed installations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the status of ventilation systems, pressurised escape areas and intervention/access shafts

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain contact with the rail infrastructure controller or Rail Incident Officer (RIO)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting specialist resources to transport people and equipment to the scene

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting specialist tactical advice and resources for shoring

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Develop and organise a water / media management strategy or nominate a water officer

Risk information

  • Moving rail stock

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish proportionate control over the railway/tramway in consultation with the responsible person

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Brief crews that are moving around the rail infrastructure on Personal Track Safety guidelines

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider trains may coast for considerable distances after power has been isolated

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish a 3 metre exclusion zone until trains have been confirmed as stopped, power off and earthed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Seek assistance from the police or other relevant responder agency to secure a safe working area

  • Difficult access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of stations, tunnels, sidings, depots and other rolling stock on incident response

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate trackside hazards (e.g. power, utilities, biological materials, undergrowth)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Keep feet clear of track points that may move without warning

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of the transport infrastructure on safe access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider a range of means of accessing incident including the use of specialist vehicles
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Define routes using physical barriers and clearly illuminate where there is reduced visibility
  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and effectiveness of fixed installations and where appropriate, take control of their operation

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using fine sprays or foam blankets to minimise airborne particulates

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Obtain advice from the hazardous materials adviser (HMA) on the size of any downwind protection zone

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess impact of tunnel on smoke travel and identify location and effectiveness of exhaust vents

  • Fuel and rail power systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider making electrical gloves available for personnel to use at incidents involving live electricity supply

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request the use of short-circuiting (SCD) or earthing devices – to be used only by qualified personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and status of any Battery Electric Multiple Units

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish a 3 metre exclusion zone until trains have been confirmed as stopped, power off and earthed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider additional risks presented by steam trains (Extreme temperatures, high pressure steam)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request isolation of live power systems (infrastructure and on-board)

  • Vehicle construction and contents

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate hazards relating to pressurised systems to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify materials and systems used within a vehicle and communicate to all emergency responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid manipulation and damage of composite materials, use spray to reduce airborne particles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the effect of objects, structures and roadside furniture involved on fire service operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider removing or stabilising vehicle contents if they are likely to hamper response

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach the vicinity of the incident cautiously and at slow speed

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate any diesel, grease, asbestos, detonators and track welding powder

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify potential sources of biological contamination (e.g. waste from sanitary conveniences)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

  • Fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider seeking specialist advice from a HMA on remedial action for spillages and fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request advice from appropriate environmental protection agencies

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Attempt to control pollution using a Source – Pathway - Receptor model

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extinguish the fire and eliminate all ignition sources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that Overhead Line Equipment is isolated and earthed prior to the use of firefighting jets

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Establish a safe working environment for fire crews and other responders
  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Protect surrounding environment and infrastructure from thermal radiation and fire spread

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider preservation of evidence when planning, communicating and implementing tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the welfare or shelter arrangements for people directly or indirectly affected by the incident

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance Consider cutting away to access the seat of the fire, hidden voids and compartments
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    When evacuation is necessary, identify the number of people affected and develop a plan 

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish and resource a casualty care point

    • Control measure - Guidance Gain access to railway carriages and rolling stock via doors, corridor connectors, and windows, or create an opening
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing a forward control point

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain an incident ground communication plan considering other agencies and remote resources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain contact with the rail infrastructure controller or Rail Incident Officer (RIO)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Brief crews that are moving around the rail infrastructure on Personal Track Safety guidelines

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure communication systems are effective in subsurface and tunnel environments

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established and controlled to maintain the safety of crews, other agencies and the public
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Commit only minimum number of essential personnel to hazard area

  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the tactical withdrawal and emergency evacuation arrangements to all personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing a forward control point

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that hazards and risk controls are identified when handing over safety to the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform network rail when incident is completed and all personnel are at a place of safety

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider decontamination of personnel, PPE and equipment prior to redeployment

Additional information

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