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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform Fire Control and Rail Incident Officer (or equivalent) if crews are working close to the permanent way

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use location markers on fixed structures to confirm and communicate exact location

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request advice and assistance from rail or tram network operators regarding the most appropriate access

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify whether trains or trams are informed, run at caution, stopped or stopped and power off and isolated

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify rail power systems and determine whether the line is electrified and involved in the incident

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access risk information including emergency plans held at stations, signal boxes and other locations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any limited clearance areas and take notice of warning signs

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the impact of tunnels, bridges, viaducts and flyovers on access, resources and incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the speed and type of line, for example single or multi-directional

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify utilities installed adjacent to railway lines and assess the impact on the incident and the safety of personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Investigate the scene looking for indicators of occupancy considering seating and standing capacities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the status of ventilation systems, pressurised escape areas and intervention/access shafts

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request adequate resources to enable effective search and timely extrication of casualties

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain contact with the rail infrastructure controller or Rail Incident Officer (RIO)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request attendance of heavy or specialist rescue equipment (consider other agencies and USAR)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request medical support at rescue incidents as soon as a need is identified

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider requesting specialist resources to transport people and equipment to the scene

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

Risk information

  • Moving rail stock

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Where possible await the arrival of the Rail Incident Officer (RIO) before entering the track area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish a 3 metre exclusion zone until trains have been confirmed as stopped, power off and earthed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish proportionate control over the railway/tramway in consultation with the responsible person

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Ensure high visibility clothing is worn where compatible with other PPE
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider trains may coast for considerable distances after power has been isolated

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Seek assistance from the police or other relevant responder agency to secure a safe working area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Brief crews that are moving around the rail infrastructure on Personal Track Safety guidelines

  • Difficult access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of the transport infrastructure on safe access and egress routes

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider a range of means of accessing incident including the use of specialist vehicles
    • Control measure - Guidance
      Define routes using physical barriers and clearly illuminate where there is reduced visibility
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the effects of geography on equipment logistics, casualties and crew welfare

    • Control measure - Guidance Gain access to railway carriages and rolling stock via doors, corridor connectors, and windows, or create an opening
  • Working environment and rail infrastructure

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish, identify and communicate safe traffic routes, establish clear zones and equipment points

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate trackside hazards (e.g. power, utilities, biological materials, undergrowth)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the impact of stations, tunnels, sidings, depots and other rolling stock on incident response

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the effect of objects, structures and roadside furniture involved on fire service operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Keep feet clear of track points that may move without warning

  • Fuel and power systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      For the rescue of live person(s) personnel and equipment must not come within 1 metre of OLE

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider making electrical gloves available for personnel to use at incidents involving live electricity supply

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request the use of short-circuiting (SCD) or earthing devices – to be used only by qualified personnel

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the presence and status of any Battery Electric Multiple Units

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish a 3 metre exclusion zone until trains have been confirmed as stopped, power off and earthed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider additional risks presented by steam trains (Extreme temperatures, high pressure steam)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request isolation of live power systems (infrastructure and on-board)

  • Vehicle construction and contents

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify materials and systems used within a vehicle and communicate to all emergency responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate hazards relating to pressurised systems to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid manipulation and damage of composite materials, use spray to reduce airborne particles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess the effect of objects, structures and roadside furniture involved on fire service operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider removing or stabilising vehicle contents if they are likely to hamper response

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the likely direction of travel for any loads that may move

  • Unstable mode of transport

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and communicate hazards relating to instability to all emergency responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the stabilisation of unsecured vehicles as part of the incident plan

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Regularly assess the effectiveness of the stabilisation techniques employed

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Appoint a safety officer to monitor the effect of operations on the stability of vehicle
  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach the vicinity of the incident cautiously and at slow speed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify potential sources of biological contamination (e.g. waste from sanitary conveniences)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate any diesel, grease, asbestos, detonators and track welding powder

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established following an assessment of the risk to crews, other agencies and the public

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
  • Rescue tools

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider extrication methods which do not require the use of tools or equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance Select the appropriate rescue tool considering the condition of the casualty, extrication plan and materials
    • Control measure - Guidance Provide hard and soft protection between the tool and the casualties, operators and other responders
    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor rescue tool performance for indicators of unidentified materials
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure all personnel wear PPE according to service risk assessment and procedures for rescue incidents

  • Bodyfluids

    • Control measure - Guidance Avoid contact with body fluids where possible
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Isolate or cover body fluids following casualty removal

    • Control measure - Guidance Wear body fluid gloves and cover broken skin with waterproof dressing
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Instigate decontamination procedures following exposure of personnel and equipment to body fluids

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Enter premises or a place, by force if necessary, without the consent of the owner or occupier of the premises: 
    • if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
    • NB Does not apply to Crown property (including ministry of defence) and diplomatic or consular premises
    • NB The Master of the ship (or delegated officer) of a merchant vessel must give permission to board
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Provide medical care and release trapped casualties

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish proportionate control over the railway/tramway in consultation with the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Establish a safe working environment for fire crews and other responders
  • Control measure - Guidance Identify the number of casualties requiring medical attention and instigate a triage process
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Stabilise life threatening injuries or conditions and maintain casualty care throughout incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate immediate release, emergency and full extrication plans

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider appointing a search co-ordinator to ensure all areas have been systematically searched

    • Control measure - Guidance Co-ordinate the simultaneous activities of extrication teams and tool operators
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider preservation of evidence when planning, communicating and implementing tactics

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement a co-ordinated search plan, define parameters and sub-divide the area where necessary

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Stabilise the vehicle and create initial access to casualties

  • Control measure - Guidance Reveal hidden areas to aid identification of components that could damage tools or cause uncontrolled release
  • Control measure - Guidance Implement appropriate space creation techniques in line with the casualty extrication plan
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extricate the casualty considering their injuries and overall threat to life

  • Control measure - Guidance Create and resource a suitable casualty care point
  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Stay 1 metre from live parts of the system when performing a rescue of person in contact with live electricity

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider screening casualties from the view of the public, media or other casualties

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain contact with the rail infrastructure controller or Rail Incident Officer (RIO)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Brief crews that are moving around the rail infrastructure on Personal Track Safety guidelines

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish incident ground communications considering working environment and infrastructure

  • Control measure - Guidance Provide a structured handover when transferring casualty to medical responders
  • Further communications

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the contents of any M\ETHANE message transmitted to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure communication systems are effective in subsurface and tunnel environments

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Commit only minimum number of essential personnel to hazard area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing a forward control point

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the tactical withdrawal and emergency evacuation arrangements to all personnel

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Inform network rail when incident is completed and all personnel are at a place of safety

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that hazards are identified when handing over responsibility for safety to the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider decontamination of personnel, PPE and equipment prior to redeployment

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

Additional information