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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

  • Control measure - Guidance Establish the last known position (LKP) or place last seen (PLS) of casualties, including times
  • Control measure - Guidance Identify the casualty's level of consciousness and offer reassurance where possible
  • Control measure - Guidance
    Question the casualty, other responders and witnesses to understand incident factors and history
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Investigate the possibility of rising waters and increased flow from tides, flooding, sluice gates

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request adequate resources to enable effective search given the scope and environment of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request technical rescue teams to attend incidents involving confined space or work at height

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request medical support at rescue incidents as soon as a need is identified

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use ladders for short duration tasks and request other equipment (e.g. aerial appliance) for other activities

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Consider using a range of thermal imaging resources such as aerial appliances, drones and helicopters
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting aerial or special appliances to reduce risk and demand on resources

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the use of a rendezvous point (RVP), marshalling area or strategic holding areas

Risk information

  • Working environment

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider the effects of geography on equipment logistics, casualties and crew welfare
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Manage hazards in the working environment that could lead to slips, trips and falls

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Define routes using physical barriers and clearly illuminate where there is reduced visibility
    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor access and egress routes as the incident progresses and review the incident plan if necessary
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Provide lighting to illuminate hazards to personnel in poorly lit environments

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the task, individual capabilities, load and environment (TILE) when carrying out risk assessments for manual handling

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider establishing an equipment, tool, debris or personnel areas

  • Unguarded edges

    • Control measure - Guidance Select the most appropriate work at height equipment for the activities and hazards identified
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that work at height operating systems include an appropriate degree of redundancy
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that competent personnel assess and monitor the suitability of the structure for work at height activities
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Monitor personnel for signs of stress, anxiety, vertigo or dizziness while working at height

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use ladders for short duration tasks and request other equipment (e.g. aerial appliance) for other activities

  • Weather conditions

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Consider the safety of personnel if lightning is a hazard based on the incident ground risk assessment process

    • Control measure - Guidance Monitor personnel exposed to extremes of temperature for signs and symptoms of heat stress or hypothermia
    • Control measure - Guidance Consider stopping activities where there is a risk of lightning strike
  • Falling objects

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use only essential items when working at height to avoid the risk of objects falling

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that items taken and used at height are secured to reduce the risk of objects falling

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish and control inner and outer cordons, taking into account items falling from height and wind conditions
  • Unstable structure or environment

    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that competent personnel assess and monitor the suitability of the structure for work at height activities
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that minimum numbers of crew work in the hazard area and that emergency procedures are in place
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting advice on structural integrity from local authority building control teams or USAR Tac Ad

  • Non-ionising radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance Observe and adhere to any warnings and local restrictions when working near to transmitting mast or towers
    • Control measure - Guidance Establish and control appropriate cordons to keep personnel away from sources of non-ionising radiation
    • Control measure - Guidance Identify the responsible body and isolate the power to radio mast or tower before commencing operations
  • Electricity

    • Control measure - Guidance Observe and adhere to any warnings and local restrictions when working near to transmitting mast or towers
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Isolate any utilities that may affect the incident or crew safety, and secure against reconnection

    • Control measure - Guidance Request assistance from the service supplier to isolate the utility or fuel supply from the national grid
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Communicate the identification number(s) of any transmission tower or pole to the relevant distribution network operator (DNO) or transmission operator (TO)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish 10m exclusion zone around high voltage electricity sources

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Restrict the access of persons to premises or a place if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred

  • Further powers, policies and procedures

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use any work equipment or safety device provided in accordance with training and instructions

Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement a co-ordinated search plan, define parameters and sub-divide the area where necessary

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop a plan based on Locate, Access, Stabilise, Transport (LAST) principles

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Develop and communicate immediate release, emergency and full extrication plans

  • Control measure - Guidance Identify the number of casualties requiring medical attention and instigate a triage process
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Assign team roles and communicate to other responding agencies

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Nominate a trained and competent first aider or casualty/trauma carer

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider appointing a search coordinator to ensure all areas have been systematically searched

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Deploy an appropriately sized team into confined or restricted areas for search and rescue tasks
  • Control measure - Guidance Make a safe approach to the casualty and maintain a safe environment for all involved
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish and maintain contact with the casualty

  • Control measure - Guidance Protect casualties by physically isolating them from immediate harm where possible
  • Consider the need for immediate rescue or a means of securing the casualty

  • Control measure - Guidance Assign suitably trained responders to carry out casualty assessment and provide treatment
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish emergency arrangements appropriate to the size and complexity of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the management of any glass that might affect rescue operations

  • Further operational tactics

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use equipment and procedures to protect rope and other work at height equipment from damage when in use

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance Establish an effective system of communication considering distances and the working environment
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Conduct regular communication checks to ensure equipment continues to function

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Implement fallback procedures should there be a failure in the communications equipment

  • Control measure - Guidance Maintain visual contact with responders working on structures and use agreed hand or whistle signals
  • Control measure - Guidance Brief search teams on plans, parameters and casualty information, confirming understanding
  • Control measure - Guidance Provide a structured handover when transferring casualty to medical responders
  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel are briefed on the current hazards, risks, control measures and tactical mode

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a media liaison point and brief a nominated media liaison officer
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the most effective methods for communicating with people who are either directly or indirectly involved in the incident 

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance Establish and control inner and outer cordons, taking into account items falling from height and wind conditions
  • Control measure - Guidance Secure any unattended fall prevention systems to ensure they cannot be interfered with
  • Further control

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider task rotation when  personnel are carrying out  manual handling tasks

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Recognise the potential contamination of equipment and PPE and follow service procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Follow service protocols for post incident health surveillance and monitoring

  • Further incident closure and handover

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Instigate and co-operate with post incident investigations where necessary

Additional information