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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify and communicate the presence of animals, and any associated hazards, to emergency responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Attempt to identify the owner of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with the owner of the animal, or the person with temporary responsibility for the animal, to gather information about it

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with the owner of the animal, or the person with temporary responsibility for the animal, to identify an appropriate destination for the released or evacuated animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify and communicate the best access points, rendezvous points (RVPs) and strategic holding areas (SHAs), based on the incident information received

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify the need for specialist resources and request their attendance or assistance

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure the specialist resources are deployed appropriately and understand their role

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Be aware of directories maintained by other organisations, for example a list of veterinary surgeons registered with the British Equine Veterinary Association (BEVA) or with the British Animal Rescue and Trauma Care Association (BARTA)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using the assistance of the owner of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request veterinary or other specialist advice about containment

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Request a veterinary surgeon if chemical restraint is required

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select the appropriate resources and equipment to break through building elements to create space

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select the appropriate resources and equipment to gain access to the vehicle to create space

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Assess the available equipment for its suitability prior to use

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Assess the available resuscitation equipment for suitability prior to use

  • Further resource information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request appropriate specialist resources for rescues from unstable surfaces and landslides

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request the attendance of personnel with the required skill levels

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request technical rescue teams to attend incidents involving confined space or work at height

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider requesting structural advice, assessment and monitoring from appropriate agencies

Risk information

  • Animals

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Avoid, contain or control animals if necessary

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the stress response of animals

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and maintain a safe egress route when dealing with an animal

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using appropriate methods or equipment to physically control or restrain the animal

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Liaise with the veterinary surgeon about the level and duration of chemical restraint that is required and to identify a suitable and safe anaesthesia recovery area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Monitor the welfare of an animal that has been contained

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Seek specialist advice about antidotes, antivenom or specialist treatment 

  • Restricted access and egress

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and maintain a safe egress route when dealing with an animal

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure emergency responders and others attending the incident are all made aware of the safe egress route

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider contingency arrangements if personnel may become isolated in areas where animals present a risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Determine an appropriate route to be used

  • Unguarded edges and unstable ground

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use any work equipment or safety device provided in accordance with training and instructions

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that caution is exercised when using tools to extricate an animal submerged in water, ice or unstable ground

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the use of on-site equipment and vehicles to access sites with unstable ground

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify safe access and egress routes and areas for the site and any specific working areas

    • Control measure - Guidance Select the most appropriate work at height equipment for the activities and hazards identified
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the use of specialist equipment for rescues from mud, ice and unstable surfaces

  • Biological hazards

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Comply with hygiene arrangements and do not eat, drink, smoke or vape

    • Control measure - Guidance Declare to the service or incident commander any allergies that could give rise to anaphylactic shock
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure open wounds, cuts and grazes are covered by a waterproof dressing
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify potential sources of biological contamination (e.g. waste from sanitary conveniences)

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
    • Control measure - Guidance Consider handing responsibility for the incident to another agency (e.g. police or an environmental agency)
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure any personnel providing immediate first aid to the animal are wearing appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)

  • Heavy and bulky objects

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate manual manipulation techniques or mechanical techniques to extricate the animal

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request additional or specialist resources to assist with manual handling tasks

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using machinery or other equipment to assist with manual handling risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the task, individual capabilities, load and environment (TILE) when carrying out risk assessments for manual handling

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure personnel adopt the provided safe system of manual handling

  • Working at height

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Monitor personnel for signs of stress, anxiety, vertigo or dizziness while working at height

    • Control measure - Guidance Secure any unattended fall prevention systems to ensure they cannot be interfered with
    • Control measure - Guidance Use only personnel trained in the equipment and systems to advise or supervise work at height operations
    • Control measure - Guidance Ensure that work at height operating systems include an appropriate degree of redundancy
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that items taken and used at height are secured to reduce the risk of objects falling

  • Enclosed spaces

    • Control measure - Guidance Establish a recovery system for personnel deployed into confined space environments and ensure it is in place at all times
    • Control measure - Guidance Evaluate a range of options that avoid committing personnel to work in a confined space
    • Control measure - Guidance Commit personnel to work in a confined space only following a full risk assessment
  • Unstable or collapsed structures

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the age, design and condition of the structure

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Assess and continuously monitor the structure for signs of collapse

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that competent personnel assess and monitor the suitability of the structure for working in the hazard area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that minimum number of personnel work in the hazard area

  • Vehicles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Obtain permission from the registered keeper of the vehicle, or the police, prior to commencing operational activity

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate manual manipulation techniques or mechanical techniques to extricate the animal

  • Fire

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the location, size, severity and speed of fire development when planning interventions

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider a strong and speedy initial attack where a window of opportunity exists

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Evacuate animals along appropriate routes to holding areas away from the incident

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Restrict the access of persons to premises or a place if they reasonably believe an emergency to have occurred

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Not allow a sick or injured animal to be transported if it is unable to move independently without pain or walk unassisted, or if it has a severe open wound; in this situation the animal must be placed into the care of a veterinary surgeon, who may authorise its transportation

Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Minimise the stress response of animals

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Implement an appropriate protection plan when an identified nature conservation site is at risk

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with a veterinary surgeon to ensure sufficient control of the animal is in place prior to moving or lifting, such as chemical restraint

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Obtain permission (and indemnity, if appropriate) from the owner of the building, or the police, prior to commencing operational activity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Obtain permission from the registered keeper of the vehicle, or the police, prior to commencing operational activity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure emergency responders understand the importance of minimising the stress response of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Be aware that the animal may attempt to return to other familiar animals on its release

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Have a contingency plan that can be implemented if the animal manoeuvres itself, resulting in the initial moving or lifting plan being unachievable

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Determine an appropriate destination for the released or evacuated animal, using local knowledge or information gathered in scene surveys

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the impact that euthanising the animal will have on the incident; this will need to take into account the location and method for euthanising the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Be aware of the capabilities and limitations of the organisations in attendance, for carrying out animal evacuation

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using appropriate methods or equipment to physically control or restrain the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use appropriate places or equipment to contain the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Determine the most appropriate technique for moving or lifting the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select the most appropriate equipment and ensure it is used effectively and safely

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that the animal’s limbs are free from obstruction before lifting; a quick release mechanism should be used

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Use the appropriate manual manipulation techniques or mechanical techniques to extricate the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using appropriate specialist equipment for rescuing an animal from water, ice or unstable ground

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Check the animal for entanglement or unexpected limb positions prior to extrication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the best course of action; manipulate the animal away from the cause of entanglement or remove the cause of entanglement

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure equipment is used effectively and safely

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure personnel do not become entangled

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Determine an appropriate route to be used

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify a secure holding area

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider providing immediate first aid for the animal, in the absence of veterinary assistance

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider appropriately restraining the animal prior to providing first aid

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider appropriately restraining the animal prior to providing CPR or oxygen

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Attempt to liaise with the owner of the animals before commencing evacuation

  • Brief personnel involved on the animal-related hazards and/or the animal rescue or evacuation techniques to be used
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with the veterinary surgeon about the level and duration of chemical restraint that is required and to identify a suitable and safe anaesthesia recovery area

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Communicate the location and method for euthanising the animal to emergency responders

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Brief personnel on the animal-related hazards or animal evacuation techniques

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider information provided by the owner of the animal, or the person with temporary responsibility for the animal, when determining the size of the cordon

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure fire and rescue service personnel wear appropriate PPE

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Control the use of lights and minimise noise in the vicinity of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Keep movements of emergency responders, equipment and vehicles to a minimum in the vicinity of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure personnel do not touch or handle animals unless unavoidable

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider using appropriate equipment to screen the animal from the view of the public or media

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider extending cordons to a sufficient distance to prevent photography or filming of this activity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure emergency responders understand the importance of minimising the stress response of the animal

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure equipment is used effectively and safely

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that emergency responders are made aware of the presence of veterinary drugs and administering equipment, such as needles and syringes, used for chemical restraint

  • Further control information

    • Control measure - Guidance Consider requesting that on-site machinery movements are restricted or prohibited

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with the veterinary surgeon about the level and duration of chemical restraint that is required and to identify a suitable and safe anaesthesia recovery area

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Place the animal into the care of an appropriate person or organisation at the earliest opportunity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Monitor the welfare of an animal that has been contained

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Seek permission of the landowner before releasing or evacuating an animal onto private land

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider decontamination of PPE

Additional information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Liaise with the veterinary surgeon about the level and duration of chemical restraint that is required and to identify a suitable and safe anaesthesia recovery area

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Place the animal into the care of an appropriate person or organisation at the earliest opportunity

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Monitor the welfare of an animal that has been contained

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Seek permission of the landowner before releasing or evacuating an animal onto private land

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider decontamination of PPE