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Incident information

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Make a safe approach at an appropriate speed and consider wreckage, casualties, fuel spills, animals etc.

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Establish the type of road and the status of the affected carriageway (live or closed)

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Confirm and communicate the involvement, num​ber and severity of any casualties (persons or animals)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify and communicate the number and type of vehicles involved

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify fuel type (hydrocarbon, LPG, electric, hybrid, hydrogen), fuel spillages and potential ignition sources

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify vehicle construction materials, pressurised air systems, hydraulics and refrigerants

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Assess the potential for thermal radiation damage and fire spread on buildings and surrounding areas

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify the impact of tunnels, bridges, viaducts and flyovers on access, resources and incident plan

  • Further incident information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider time of day and effect on transport systems and working environment

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Observe variable message signs and other road signage to identify traffic delays
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the number and type of vehicles involved

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider vehicles with sleeping compartments and the potential for stowaways

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Contact commercial vehicle operators to obtain passenger numbers and cargo information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that tracks and pathways are suitable for fire service vehicles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify potential drainage routes for fire water run-off and released vehicle content

Resource information

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Secure sufficient firefighting media to enable the fire to be fully extinguished
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Confirm that required agencies have been requested or notified (e.g. Police, Ambulance, environmental agencies)

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

  • Further Resource Information

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request appropriate environmental protection (EP) resources (e.g. hazmat adviser, EP equipment, pumps)

Risk information

  • Moving vehicles

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Ensure high visibility clothing is worn where compatible with other PPE
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Position appliances to fend-off vehicles and use warning signs, lights and cones

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure fire and rescue service vehicles display appliance warning devices appropriate to their position on the roadway

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Liaise with the police and other relevant agencies to close roads or establish traffic management systems 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider positioning a safety officer specifically briefed to watch for moving vehicles

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Seek assistance from the police or other relevant responder agency to secure a safe working area

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider implementing reverse access procedures to SMART or ALR motorways

  • Fire and thermal radiation

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Position vehicles anticipating fire development, thermal radiation, collapse, smoke and other hazards
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider the potential for running fuel fires and deploy appropriate firefighting resources

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Use the appropriate extinguishing method, media, techniques and equipment

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that Firefighting PPE is worn in accordance with service risk assessment, procedures and training

  • Smoke and fire gases

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Access past, present and future weather information from sources such as the Met Office

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider using fine sprays or foam blankets to minimise airborne particulates

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Ensure that all personnel wear the type of RPE identified by service risk assessments, procedures and training

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Obtain advice from the hazardous materials adviser (HMA) on the size of any downwind protection zone

    • Control measure - Guidance Advise relevant agencies if a smoke plume presents a risk to the safety of the public
  • Fuel and electrical systems

    • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

      Communicate to all emergency responders that an alternative fuel vehicle is present and the location of its associated hazards 

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify isolation points for alternative fuel vehicles (AFV)

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider marking alternative fuel vehicles to make responders aware of the associated hazards

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider making electrical gloves available for personnel to use at incidents involving live electricity supply

  • Vehicle construction

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify materials and systems used within a vehicle and communicate to all emergency responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Survey the vehicle internally and externally for signs of un-deployed vehicle safety systems

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate hazards relating to pressurised systems to all responders

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify and communicate the involvement of super-single HGV tyres

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Control use of radio equipment in the area where vehicle safety systems have been identified

  • Vehicle contents

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish the contents of the vehicle and the potential effect on fire service operations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the likely direction of travel for any loads that may move

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider removing or stabilising vehicle contents if they are likely to hamper response

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Be aware of the possible presence of hidden devices and traps in vehicles

  • Hazardous materials

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Approach the vicinity of the incident cautiously and at slow speed

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any hazardous materials signage and other indicators as part of scene survey

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify any potential explosive risk from fuels, cylinders or vehicle contents

    • Control measure - Guidance Identify whether the incident should be reclassified as a hazardous materials response
  • Fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Consider seeking specialist advice from a HMA on remedial action for spillages and fire water run off

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Identify the location of motorway pollution control devices (PCD) and operate as necessary

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Request advice from appropriate environmental protection agencies

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Attempt to control pollution using a Source – Pathway - Receptor model

Powers, policies and procedures

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Move or break into a vehicle without the consent of its owner
  • Close a highway, stop and regulate traffic:
    • if a road traffic accident has occurred
    • for the purpose of rescuing people or protecting them from serious harm
    • if they reasonably believe a fire to have broken out or to be about to break out
    • for the purpose of extinguishing or preventing the fire or protecting life or property
Why? Expectations? Benefit vs Risk?

Objectives

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Maintain the safety of all personnel, other responders and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Save life and reduce harm

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Extinguish the fire and eliminate all ignition sources

  • Further objectives

    • Control measure - Guidance
      Promote community recovery and restore normal operations
    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

Tactical priorities

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Establish a safe working environment for fire crews and other responders
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Carry out any rescues or lifesaving actions

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider taking action to prevent a serious escalation of the incident

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Protect surrounding environment and infrastructure from thermal radiation and fire spread

  • Further tactical priorities

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Secure the scene to ensure evidence is preserved for internal and external investigations

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Minimise the impact of the incident and fire service actions on any identified environmental risk

Operational tactics

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the appropriate speed of intervention to limit fire development

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Gain access to the fire, compartments and voids using safest and simplest method

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting method (i.e. cooling, smothering, starving, interrupting)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting media (e.g. water, foam, dry powder, CO2)

  • Control measure - Guidance Select an appropriate firefighting technique (e.g. direct firefighting, firebreaks, controlled burn)
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Select appropriate firefighting equipment (e.g. extinguisher, hose reel, main jet, cutting extinguisher)

Communication

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Identify best access route, rendezvous point (RVP) and marshalling area and communicate to all responders

  • Control measure - GuidanceControl measure - Guidance

    Share situational awareness and establish a joint understanding of risk with other agencies

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure communication systems are effective in subsurface and tunnel environments

  • Further communication

    • Control measure - Guidance

      Establish and maintain an incident ground communication plan considering other agencies and remote resources

Control

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that appropriate inner and outer cordons are established, identified and communicated following an assessment of risk to crews, other agencies and the public

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Appoint competent safety officers to monitor specific hazards or activities

Incident closure and handover

  • Control measure - Guidance

    Ensure that hazards are identified when handing over responsibility for safety to the responsible person

  • Control measure - Guidance
    Identify the area of origin and investigate possible causes of the fire considering criminal acts
  • Control measure - Guidance

    Consider the welfare or shelter arrangements for people directly or indirectly affected by the incident

Additional information