Skip to main content

Developed and maintained by the NFCC

Control measure

Positive safety culture

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Level 1

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

The firefighter safety maxim

Understand:

  • The benefits of activities versus risks to those involved
  • The high risk activities limited to the potential for saving life or to prevent the rapid and significant escalation of the incident

The principles of making and managing risk-critical decisions at incidents

Understand:

  • Principle 1: A willingness to make decisions in conditions of uncertainty is a core need for all members of the fire and rescue service.
  • Principle 2: The primary consideration for making decisions is the safety of individuals and communities
  • Principle 3: Risk acceptance involves judgment and balance, with decision-makers required to consider the value and likelihood of the possible benefits of a particular decision against the seriousness and likelihood of the possible harm
  • Principle 4: Harm can never be totally prevented. Risk-critical decisions should therefore be judged by the quality of the decision-making, not by the outcome
  • Principle 5: To reduce risk aversion, improve decision-making and avoid decision traps, a culture is required that learns from successes and failures. Good application of risk management which allows for positive operational outcomes should be identified, celebrated and shared, preferably through operational learning and debrief outcomes

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Promote a positive safety culture on the incident ground through safe systems of work, adequate supervision and effective communication

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Develop and communicate to relevant personnel adequately supervised safe systems of work

Apply the firefighter safety maxim and safe person principles at operational incidents

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Evaluate the benefits of activities and risks involved, whilst applying the risk principles

Level 2

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome
The firefighter safety maxim

Understand:

  • The benefits of multiple activities versus a variety risks to those involved
  • The high risk activities limited to the potential for saving life or to prevent the rapid and significant escalation of the incident

The principles of making and managing risk critical decisions at incidents

Understand:

  • Principle 1: A willingness to make decisions in conditions of uncertainty is a core need for all members of the fire and rescue service
  • Principle 2: The primary consideration for making decisions is the safety of individuals and communities
  • Principle 3: Risk acceptance involves judgment and balance, with decision-makers required to consider the value and likelihood of the possible benefits of a particular decision against the seriousness and likelihood of the possible harm
  • Principle 4: Harm can never be totally prevented. Risk-critical decisions should therefore be judged by the quality of the decision-making, not by the outcome
  • Principle 5: To reduce risk aversion, improve decision-making and avoid decision traps, a culture is required that learns from successes and failures. Good application of risk management which allows for positive operational outcomes should be identified, celebrated and shared, preferably through operational learning and debrief outcomes

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Promote a positive safety culture on the incident ground through safe systems of work, adequate supervision and effective communication

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Develop and communicate to relevant personnel adequately supervised safe systems of work

Apply the firefighter safety maxim and safe person principles at operational incidents

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Evaluate the benefits of activities and risks involved, whilst applying the risk principles