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Control measure

Evacuation and shelter

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Evacuation of people

Understand:

  • The definition of evacuation
  • Why the evacuation or shelter of people may be required
  • The planning that is required for evacuation or shelter of people, and who is responsible for this
  • The need to develop a joint understanding of risk for operational and fire control personnel for evacuation, shelter or ‘stay put’
  • The roles and responsibilities of the:
    • Police
    • Local authority
    • Strategic Co-ordinating Group (SCG)
  • The hazards and risks associated with emergency evacuation
  • The behaviour of people in emergency situations
  • The factors that influence evacuation plans
  • The considerations for incorporating evacuation procedures into incident plans
  • The wider impact of dealing with significant numbers of evacuated people
  • How to access information on evacuation plans

Fires in buildings

Understand:

  • Evacuation plans for buildings
  • Evacuation strategies for buildings
  • Categories of evacuation procedure

Total evacuation

Understand:

  • What is simultaneous evacuation
  • What is phased evacuation

Progressive evacuation

Understand:

  • What is progressive horizontal evacuation
  • What is zoned evacuation

Evacuation or escape strategies

Understand:

  • The types of evacuation or escape strategies
  • The purpose of ‘stay put’ or ‘defend in place’
  • The factors that should be considered when determining the evacuation strategy

Evacuation of medical facilities

Understand:

  • The types of evacuation used in medical facilities
  • The role of the fire and rescue service when assisting with evacuation at medical facilities

Hazardous materials

Understand:

  • The need for an evacuation or shelter plan
  • The role of a hazardous materials adviser when determining the appropriate course of action to protect the public

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Determine whether people should be advised to evacuate, shelter in place or 'stay put'

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Determine whether evacuation, shelter in place or ‘stay put’ is appropriate:
    • Record rationale for decision
    • Ensure the fire control room understands the decision
    • Inform the people affected

Establish communication arrangements to allow information to be gathered from and passed to fire control rooms

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Establish appropriate and resilient communication arrangements between the incident ground and the fire control room

Identify the most appropriate evacuation plan and record rationale for decision

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Develop an evacuation strategy using available information

Establish the availability of pre-arranged evacuation strategies and policies

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and access available pre-arranged evacuation strategies and policies
  • Liaise with the responsible person to obtain advice relating to evacuation arrangements

When evacuation is necessary, identify the number of people affected and develop a plan

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify the number of people that require to be evacuated and develop a plan

Consider people who need assistance to evacuate, for example, disabilities or medical needs

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Gather information to identify any people who need assistance to evacuate, or may be unaware of the need to evacuate

Establish a safe evacuation point and consider safe egress routes and refuge points or areas

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and establish safe evacuation points, safe egress routes and refuge points
  • Be prepared to revise locations of evacuation points and refuge points
  • Be prepared to revise safe egress routes at any time

Assess the suitability of the location for people to shelter in place

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Determine a suitable location for people to shelter in place
  • Be prepared to revise the location for people to shelter in place

Review the use and effectiveness of evacuation, shelter in place or 'stay put' plans throughout the incident, to ensure they remain valid

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Review the use and effectiveness of evacuation, shelter in place or ‘stay put’ plans throughout the incident
  • Be prepared to revise the evacuation, shelter in place or ‘stay put’ plans at any time

Consider the impact of the incident on the local community and consider a shelter in place strategy

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Take into account the impact of the incident on the surrounding area
  • Consider the need to develop a shelter in place strategy for the local community

Assess the likely impact of people on emergency responders

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify where the behaviour of people may affect an evacuation
  • Assess the impact of people, including those evacuating, on emergency responders

Make contact with the relevant authorities for advice on evacuation arrangements and progress

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Recognise where the involvement of other agencies is required to assist with evacuation
  • Work with multi-agency partners to conduct an effective evacuation