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Developed and maintained by the NFCC

Control measure

Preserve evidence for investigation

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Preserve evidence for investigation

Understand:

  • The need to preserve evidence for investigation purposes
  • How fire and rescue service activity may affect any subsequent investigation
  • How to identify and prioritise the preservation of evidence that may deteriorate
  • The need to minimise contamination of the scene
  • The benefits of documenting and photographing evidence
  • What sources of information may assist with investigation

Recovery of casualties and their personal property

Understand:

  • The need for personal property to be kept with casualties, and what to do if this is not feasible
  • The role of the police or statutory investigation team regarding removal of bodies
  • The procedure for removing bodies if it is essential to do so during the incident
  • The benefits of keeping records and taking photographs or videos to support the investigation and debriefing

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Consider preservation of evidence when planning, communicating and implementing tactics

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Preserve evidence at all stages of an incident
  • Communicate evidence preservation considerations to relevant personnel
  • Keep personal property with casualties if possible; this may assist with identification

 

Consider requesting assistance from a police crime scene investigator or fire and rescue service investigator for collecting physical evidence

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and request police or fire and rescue service investigators

Consider moving physical evidence to a safe place, away from the effects of the incident

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Keep a record of the actions taken to move evidence and the reason for doing so

Consider seizing evidence if it may be lost if left in place

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Arrange for collection and secure storage of the evidence following service procedures

Avoid movement of dials, valves and controls or record original position for investigation purposes

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Record information relevant to original state of the incident

Gather and record information about physical evidence

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • If evidence cannot be preserved physically, capture details to inform the investigation by making records, including photographs and videos
  • Keep a record of any personal property that cannot be kept with a casualty
  • Keep a record of the position and location of bodies if they have to be removed before the arrival of the investigation team

Note issues relating to cordons or physical evidence in the decision log

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Use the decision log to capture information about the scene of the incident

Notify investigators if personnel have recently attended similar incidents, which could result in cross-contamination of an investigation scene

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Provide investigators with details about personnel who have recently attended similar incidents