Non-specialist personnel inadvertently attending a marauding terrorist attack
Knowledge and understanding
|Non-specialist personnel inadvertently attending a marauding terrorist attack||
Understand all associated hazard knowledge
Marauding terrorist attacks (MTA) are fast-moving, violent incidents where attackers move through a location aiming to find and kill or injure as many people as possible; they usually occur without any notice or warning.
During the initial stages of an MTA, it is possible that fire and rescue service personnel arrive on-scene in the belief that they have been mobilised to a non-malicious incident. Although they may feel under moral pressure to assist members of the public, staying on-scene could lead to the death or injury of personnel.
An MTA may include a wide range or combination of methodologies, from lower sophistication to higher complexity attacks. This could involve one or more of the following attack methodologies:
- Bladed weapon
- Vehicle as a weapon
- Fire as a weapon
- Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or grenades
- Siege, including the taking of hostages to prolong an attack or impede rescue operations
- Chemicals, such as acids or alkalis
MTAs may include a combination of approaches, such as:
- A lone attacker, multiple attackers or multiple groups of attackers
- Arrival at a location on foot, in a vehicle or an attack perpetrated by insiders
- Entering a location without using force, or forcing entry using an IED, a vehicle, coercion of someone with access to the location, or a combination of these actions
In the initial stages of an MTA, it will be extremely difficult to get an accurate picture of what is happening. It may take some time to confirm that the incident is a determined attack involving a single or multiple attackers.
It may be difficult to determine the location and number of attackers, or even to determine who they are in a crowd of people. It is feasible that the emergency services have been purposefully lured to the location as targets for the attackers.