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Control measure
Situational awareness

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Level 1

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Stages of situational awareness

Understand:

  • Information gathering
  • Understanding information
  • Anticipation

Maintaining situational awareness

Understand:

  • How to maintain situational awareness and avoid confirmation bias

Effective situational awareness

Understand:

  • The elements essential to effective situational awareness

Factors that affect situational awareness

Understand:

  • The factors which may affect situational awareness

Remote situational awareness

Understand:

  • The importance of ensuring the elements contributing to the accuracy of information received by those who are not at the scene of operations are reliable

Shared situational awareness

Understand:

  • A common interpretation of information and events

Shared information gathering

Understand:

  • How to gather relevant information from individuals, services, external agencies and how to avoid information overload

Shared understanding

Understand:

  • Shared goals, operational plans and how actions affect others

Shared expectations

Understand:

  • Common understanding of the team and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Gather information from available sources to gain accurate situational awareness and understanding

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and gather relevant information from various available sources to confirm understanding and support decision making
  • Collect and confirm information relevant to the known and anticipated risks to people, property and the environment

Anticipate the likely development of the incident and evaluate the potential consequences of a range of actions

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Correctly interpret verbal and visual information and consequences of actions to identify and plan for anticipated outcomes
  • Develop and communicate contingency plans

Maintain situational awareness and identify changes during the incident through active monitoring and regular briefings

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Perform clear briefings
  • Minimise distractions during critical tasks
  • Communicate appropriate spans of control
  • Perform regular reviews
  • Be self-aware of stress and fatigue
  • Redeploy resources to meet changing priorities

Ensure that a scene survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Gain a visual depiction of the scene, including all relevant hazards

Level 2

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Stages of situational awareness

Understand:

  •  Information gathering
  •  Understanding information
  •  Anticipation

Maintaining situational awareness

Understand:

  •  Identification and resolution of confirmation bias on take-over
  •  Maintaining situational awareness and avoid confirmation bias

Effective situational awareness

Understand:

  • The elements essential to effective situational awareness
  • The appropriate circumstances to take command of an incident

Factors that affect situational awareness

Understand:

  • The factors which may affect situational awareness
  • Implementing appropriate measures to minimise adverse effects

Remote situational awareness

Understand:

  •  How to ensure the reliability of elements contributing to remote situational awareness and the ability to question assumptions

Shared situational awareness

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common interpretation of information and events
  • How to instigate and lead multi-agency tactical meetings

Shared information gathering

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common view of the situation
  • How to avoid information overload
  • How to gather relevant information from multiple sources

Shared understanding

Understand:

  • How to achieve shared goals, operational plans and how team actions affect others and other agencies

Shared expectations

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common understanding of the team and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities
  • How to achieve a common understanding of multi-agencies and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Gather information from available sources to gain accurate situational awareness and understanding

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and gather relevant information from various available sources to confirm understanding and support decision making
  • Collect and confirm information relevant to the known and anticipated risks to people, property and the environment

Ensure that a scene survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Gain a visual depiction of the scene, including all relevant hazards

Anticipate the likely development of the incident and evaluate the potential consequences of a range of actions

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Correctly interpret verbal and visual information and consequences of actions to identify and plan for anticipated outcomes
  • Develop and communicate contingency plans

Maintain situational awareness and identify changes during the incident through active monitoring and regular briefings

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Perform clear briefings
  • Minimise distractions during critical tasks
  • Communicate appropriate spans of control
  • Perform regular reviews
  • Be self-aware of stress and fatigue
  • Redeploy resources to meet changing priorities