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Control measure
Situational awareness

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Level 1

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Stages of situational awareness

Understand:

  • Information gathering
  • Understanding information
  • Anticipation

Maintaining situational awareness

Understand:

  • How to maintain situational awareness and avoid confirmation bias

Effective situational awareness

Understand:

  • The elements essential to effective situational awareness

Factors that affect situational awareness

Understand:

  • The factors which may affect situational awareness

Remote situational awareness

Understand:

  • The importance of ensuring the elements contributing to the accuracy of information received by those who are not at the scene of operations are reliable

Shared situational awareness

Understand:

  • A common interpretation of information and events

Shared information gathering

Understand:

  • How to gather relevant information from individuals, services, external agencies and how to avoid information overload

Shared understanding

Understand:

  • Shared goals, operational plans and how actions affect others

Shared expectations

Understand:

  • Common understanding of the team and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Gather information from a variety of sources to gain accurate situational awareness and understanding

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and gather relevant information from various available sources to confirm understanding and support decision making
  • Collect and confirm information relevant to the known and anticipated risks to people, property and the environment

Anticipate the likely development of the incident and evaluate the potential consequences of a range of actions

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Correctly interpret verbal and visual information and consequences of actions to identify and plan for anticipated outcomes
  • Develop and communicate contingency plans

Maintain situational awareness and identify changes during the incident through active monitoring and regular briefings

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Perform clear briefings
  • Minimise distractions during critical tasks
  • Communicate appropriate spans of control
  • Perform regular reviews
  • Be self-aware of stress and fatigue
  • Redeploy resources to meet changing priorities

Ensure that a full 360° survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity to gain sensory perception of the current situation and hazards present

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Gain a visual depiction of the scene, including all relevant hazards

Level 2

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Stages of situational awareness

Understand:

  •  Information gathering
  •  Understanding information
  •  Anticipation

Maintaining situational awareness

Understand:

  •  Identification and resolution of confirmation bias on take-over
  •  Maintaining situational awareness and avoid confirmation bias

Effective situational awareness

Understand:

  • The elements essential to effective situational awareness
  • The appropriate circumstances to take command of an incident

Factors that affect situational awareness

Understand:

  • The factors which may affect situational awareness
  • Implementing appropriate measures to minimise adverse effects

Remote situational awareness

Understand:

  •  How to ensure the reliability of elements contributing to remote situational awareness and the ability to question assumptions

Shared situational awareness

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common interpretation of information and events
  • How to instigate and lead multi-agency tactical meetings

Shared information gathering

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common view of the situation
  • How to avoid information overload
  • How to gather relevant information from multiple sources

Shared understanding

Understand:

  • How to achieve shared goals, operational plans and how team actions affect others and other agencies

Shared expectations

Understand:

  • How to achieve a common understanding of the team and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities
  • How to achieve a common understanding of multi-agencies and what they expect to happen when carrying out activities

Practical application

Tactical action Learning outcome

Gather information from a variety of sources to gain accurate situational awareness and understanding

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Identify and gather relevant information from various available sources to confirm understanding and support decision making
  • Collect and confirm information relevant to the known and anticipated risks to people, property and the environment

Ensure that a full 360° survey is carried out at the earliest opportunity to gain sensory perception of the current situation and hazards present

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Gain a visual depiction of the scene, including all relevant hazards

Anticipate the likely development of the incident and evaluate the potential consequences of a range of actions

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Correctly interpret verbal and visual information and consequences of actions to identify and plan for anticipated outcomes
  • Develop and communicate contingency plans

Maintain situational awareness and identify changes during the incident through active monitoring and regular briefings

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Perform clear briefings
  • Minimise distractions during critical tasks
  • Communicate appropriate spans of control
  • Perform regular reviews
  • Be self-aware of stress and fatigue
  • Redeploy resources to meet changing priorities