Control measure Produce Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) and emergency response plans
Knowledge and understanding
|Control measure element||Learning outcome|
Produce Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) and emergency response plans
|Control measure element||Learning outcome|
Control measure knowledge
See National Operational Guidance: Operations - Information gathering
The transport environment should be considered when fire and rescue authorities are identifying local sites for the production of Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) and emergency response plans. This risk information gathering process should consider the community risk registers produced by statutory resilience forums and other appropriate local risk analysis.
Fire and rescue services must ensure that the planned operational response to transport incidents is sufficient to allow relevant safe systems of work to be implemented. A task analysis of various transport scenarios will enable a fire and rescue service to plan an effective response. This, together with any known site-specific information, will provide a risk-based assessment of the predetermined response. As part of the pre-planning process, the predetermined response should also include the need for other emergency services, specialist equipment and/or vehicles, other agencies and contractors.
Identifying and managing the potential for transport disruptions in advance can reduce the costs to an organisation in terms of finance and time management. The delay of resources at any transport related incident can cause disruptions to the service and impact the wider community. Pre-planning should include lessons and recommendations from public enquiries into transport incidents.
Fire and rescue services should assist in developing procedures for dealing with emergency situations in which the fire and rescue service will be involved and included in the emergency orders of the aerodrome emergency plan. This should align with fire and rescue service procedures and be very clear on the different roles and responsibilities for the multiple agencies that may attend an incident within the environment of an aerodrome or at an aircraft crash site.
Fire and rescue services should ensure that personnel are aware of the hazards associated with a crashed aircraft and have safe systems of work to deal with an incident on and off an aerodrome site. Air industry partners will have facilities to support any risk information gathering for hazards that may be encountered.
Each aerodrome will have provision for removing and collecting surface water. At larger sites they will have collection or balancing ponds to collect the water before it is put into local water courses. These ponds can be sizeable, holding a vast amount of water, and they present a drowning hazard to personnel working near them.
The purpose of the aerodrome emergency plan is to provide all the required information for their areas of aerodrome responsibility to the agencies and staff involved in an emergency. The document ensures the required information is easily identifiable and covers every aspect of emergency planning and emergency response for the aerodrome.
The aerodrome emergency plan should describe the procedures for co-ordinating the response of different aerodrome agencies, organisations or services (for example, ground handlers, airlines, security services) and those agencies in the surrounding community that could be of assistance in responding to an emergency.
For detailed information on the aerodrome manual see: http://www.caa.co.uk/Commercial-industry/Airports/Safety/Rescue-and-firefighting-services/Rescue-and-fire-fighting-services-overview/
Fire and rescue services should have knowledge of the intervention strategies designed for the rail environment and be aware of the environment they will be operating in. Issues associated with problematic communication, confined spaces, travel distances and manual handling can be addressed by pre-planning and determining the appropriate initial response. For complex infrastructure or depots and sidings, pre-planning and tested communication arrangements should be put in place.
Pre-planning will require appropriate liaison with rail operating companies and freight operating companies to establish best practice and a joint understanding of risk and response. This is particularly relevant to rail tracks, rail environment, rail depots and sidings, and rail rolling stock hazards and loads.
For incidents causing disruption to major road networks, fire and rescue services should produce multi-agency plans that detail the emergency and recovery phase roles and responsibilities of each agency.
Fire and rescue services should use all available sources to gain information on the hazard posed by the road infrastructure, for example:
- Road restrictions or maintenance
- Road closures
- Weather updates
- Vehicle type, such as on differences in dealing with vehicle systems
The port emergency plan aims to provide fire and rescue services, Category 1 or 2 responders and other agencies involved in an emergency within a harbour, port, dock or marina with the information they need.
This pre-planning and any regular training or exercising will assist fire and rescue services to establish good working relationships and define robust tactical response plans with all port and harbour authorities associated with waterway transport.
- Prepare Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) and incident response plans for relevant transport infrastructure and make them available to incident commanders,
Plan an appropriate predetermined attendance and initial response to incidents involving transport environments
- Pre-plan with transport network managers and other responding agencies to reduce the effects of disruption
- Establish processes with relevant authorities for both receiving and disseminating information on transport network changes such as closures or restrictions as they occur
- Establish means to maintain weather forecast information to inform operational planning, decision-making and mobilising
- Provide operational responders with information, instruction and training in relevant Site-Specific Risk Information, emergency response plans and hazards relating to the nature and complexity of the transport environment
- Use multi-agency exercises to test emergency plans and ensure fire and rescue service procedures reflect assumptions and expectations of their role as part of a multi-agency response
Access and review Site-Specific Risk Information (SSRI) and/or relevant emergency response plan information at the earliest opportunity to inform a safe and effective incident plan
- Give early consideration to the effect of fire and rescue service operations on the reinstatement of normal operations within the transport infrastructure