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by the NFCC

Control measure

Consider appropriate wildfire suppression tactics and develop and implement a tactical plan

TRAINING SPECIFICATION

Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Develop and implement a tactical plan

Understand:

  • Why the tactical plan should be based on the expected/potential wildfire behaviour
  • How tactical priorities should be based on identifying locations and times, where the wildfire behaviour is within the threshold of control of available resources

Consider appropriate wildfire suppression tactics

Understand:

  • The considerations when selecting fire suppression tactics which are appropriate to the expected wildfire behaviour
  • How flame length should be used to indicate appropriate fire suppression tactics.
  • The risks associated with working close to the wildfire edge
  • The different wildfire direct attack techniques and their limitations
  • The different wildfire indirect attack techniques and their limitations
  • How to organise and form effective wildfire teams
  • The different tactics that can be applied by aerial assets at wildfire incidents
  • Why it is important that ground teams provide support to aerial operations at wildfire incidents
  • How to safely manage the use of tactical fire operations as a suppression method at wildfire incidents
  • The roles and responsibilities of a burn team including:
    • Burn Supervisor
    • Burn Operative
    • Members of the holding team
  • How to apply  an offensive burn at a wildfire incident
  • How to apply a defensive burn at a wildfire incident

Understanding the wildfire environment

Understand how wildfires are classified

Understanding the influences of fuel on wildfire behaviour

Understand:

  • The different fuel types within the wildfire environment
  • The influence of fuel size on wildfire behaviour
  • The influence of fine wildfire fuels within the combustion process
  • The influence of fuel arrangement within the wildfire environment
  • What is meant by the term `relative humidity` and its effect on the combustibility of different wildfire fuels

Understanding the influence of weather on wildfire behaviour

Understand:

  • The effects of solar radiation on wildfire behaviour
  • How the strength and direction of wind can affect wildfire spread and intensity
  • The different effects of a stable or unstable atmosphere on wildfire behaviour
  • How changes to weather conditions during an incident can alter wildfire behaviour
  • The effects of the daily weather cycle within the wildfire environment
  • The effects of a prolonged drying environment on wildfire behaviour
  • How micro climates have an impact and effect on the behaviour of wildfires

Understand the effects of topography on wildfire behaviour

Understand:

  • How different topographical features can influence wildfire behaviour
  • Why wildfire behaviour differs when burning up or down slope 
  • How the shape of topography may alter wind direction at wildfire incidents
  • How the orientation of a slope in relation to the position of the sun will effect wildfire behaviour
  • How certain features of terrain may act as barriers to the spread of wildfire

Understand how fuel, weather and topography interact within the wildfire environment

Understand:

  • The combustion process within the wildfire environment
  • The factors which may cause rapid changes to wildfire behaviour
  • The situations where extreme wildfire behaviour may occur
  • The indicators of extreme wildfire behaviour

Understand the correct wildfire terminology

  • The different wildfire terms relating to wildfire behaviour

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Develop and implement a tactical plan

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Use available information to develop and implement a safe and effective wildfire tactical plan
  • Use topographical mapping to establish an understanding of the landscape for wildfire incidents

Consider appropriate wildfire suppression tactics

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Apply wildfire behaviour information and decide which fire suppression tactics are appropriate
  • Use specialist wildfire tools and equipment
  • Plan and complete a safe and effective tactical burn