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Developed and maintained
by the NFCC

Control measure

Evacuation and shelter


Knowledge and understanding

Control measure element Learning outcome

Evacuation of people


  • The definition of evacuation
  • Why the evacuation or shelter of people may be required
  • The planning that is required for evacuation or shelter of people, and who is responsible for this
  • The need to develop a joint understanding of risk for operational and fire control personnel for evacuation, shelter or ‘stay put’
  • The roles and responsibilities of the:
    • Police
    • Local authority
    • Strategic Co-ordinating Group (SCG)
  • The hazards and risks associated with emergency evacuation
  • The behaviour of people in emergency situations
  • The factors that influence evacuation plans
  • The considerations for incorporating evacuation procedures into incident plans
  • The wider impact of dealing with significant numbers of evacuated people
  • How to access information on evacuation plans

Practical application

Control measure element Learning outcome

Determine whether people should be advised to evacuate, shelter in place or 'stay put'

Demonstrate the ability to:

  • Determine whether evacuation, shelter in place or ‘stay put’ is appropriate:
    • Record rationale for decision
    • Ensure the fire control room understands the decision
    • Inform the people affected